ovarian cyst symptoms

8 Types of Changes That Ovarian Cysts Can Cause – Signs and Symptoms

Ovarian cysts do more than cause pain and discomfort. They can also cause changes in your body. Some of the changes that they cause are easily visible. Some are not. Some can occur at the same time while others occur on their own.

It’s true that there are women with cysts in their ovaries who never experience any of these changes. However, it pays to know about these ovarian cyst symptoms as it can come in handy in helping in the early detection of ovarian cysts. This will eventually help to reduce the risks of ovarian cyst complications.

Causes of ovarian cyst induced changes

Most of the changes that ovarian cysts cause have to do with the increasing size of a cyst in a woman’s body, where the cyst grows so large that it pushes against tissues and adjacent organs to such an extent that the effect of this pushing and shoving becomes visible.

However, some of the changes caused by ovarian cysts have to do with their effect on the hormonal balance in a woman’s body. For example, Hopkins Medicine blames the unusual hair growth symptom of ovarian cysts on the increased production of masculinizing hormones -triggered by ovarian cysts.

1. Increase in urination frequency

This is a symptom of ovarian cysts that occurs when a large cyst presses against the bladder. It has two effects: it reduces the holding capacity of the bladder and also makes it impossible for one to completely empty her bladder.

By reducing the bladder’s capacity, ovarian cysts guarantee that your bladder will fill up quickly. And by inhibiting the bladder-emptying process, it further accelerates the bladder-filling process since even after going to the loo, there will always be less space left in your bladder. All this adds up to a continuous need to empty your bladder at smaller and smaller intervals. The growth of the cyst only makes things worse.

2. Excessive bleeding during menstruation

Women with ovarian cysts sometimes experience heavier-than-normal bleeding during their periods. And sometimes, it’s not just heavier. The bleeding sometimes goes on for a longer period than what one is used to.

Since the menstrual cycle is a process that is largely controlled by hormones, and since hormones produced by the ovaries play a significant process in controlling this process, these changes can be blamed on the hormonal-imbalance effect  that ovarian cysts have on the female body

3. Irregular bleeding

Some women experience changes in the timing department of their menstrual cycles. Some experience their periods earlier while for others, their periods take longer than necessary. There are also times when ovarian cysts can cause unexpected light vaginal spotting. This can be very frustrating because you may never know when the bleeding will start.

4. Unexplained weight gain

This is a symptom of ovarian cysts that may be blamed on the hormonal imbalance that comes with the onset of ovarian cysts. However, there are cases where the increase in weight is caused by the sheer weight of the cystic mass growing in the ovaries. Cases of extremely large cysts are a good example.

5. Difficulty getting pregnant

Normally, ovarian cysts don’t interfere with a woman’s ability to get pregnant. The growth of the cyst and the onset of ovarian cyst complications can however make conception difficult. This is so especially in cases where ovarian torsion and ovarian cyst rupture occur.

Ovarian torsion is a condition that is characterized by the twisting of ovarian cysts. This twisting can restrict blood supply to the ovaries, something that may lead to death of ovarian tissues. If this condition leads to the destruction of an ovary, a woman will only have one ovary to rely on. This can reduce the chances of conception.

Ovarian cyst rupture on the other hand has several effects. In the case of an endometrioid cyst, a cyst burst will release the contents of the cyst. This will then cause endometrial tissues to start developing on different parts of the female reproductive system. It can lead to scarring of the uterus, blockage of the fallopian tube and many other complications that can make fertilization difficult.

A cyst burst can also lead to damage of the ovaries. And even if it doesn’t do so directly, it can expose the ovaries to the risks that come with surgery, something that can lead to conception complications.

6. Painful periods

WebMD explains the why some women experience painful periods. According to an article reviewed by Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH, the pain usually occurs as a result of uterine contractions. These contractions cause the uterine muscles to press against blood vessels, cutting off blood supply to some muscles. This is what causes the pain.

Now, not all women experience painful periods. But given that on ovarian cyst is an unwanted mass that takes up space in the reproductive system, it is easy to see why the effects of uterine contractions can cause more pain. With cysts taking up space, even the slightest contractions of the uterine walls can cut off blood supply to the uterine muscles. A woman who wouldn’t have experienced the pain therefore experiences it because of the “congestion” caused by ovarian cysts.

7. Infertility

It is possible for ovarian cysts to cause permanent infertility in women. It maybe as a result of the effect of a necessary – to remove the cyst and prevent further complications – surgical procedure . It can also be as a direct consequence of ovarian cyst complications.

The rupture of an endometrioid ovarian cyst can lead to the total blockage of the fallopian tubes. It can also lead to infections that may end up causing irreparable damage to the female reproductive system. And in cases where cysts develop on both ovaries, ovarian torsion can cause the destruction of both ovaries, leading to permanent infertility.

These are extremely rare ovarian cyst complications. But that is not to say that they cannot develop.

8. Increased hair growth

The hair growth usually occurs in the face, although other parts of the body aren’t immune to this ovarian cyst symptom. As mentioned above, Hopkins Medicine attributes this change to an increase in the production of masculinizing hormones – an effect of the presence of cysts in the ovaries.

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types of ovarian cyst caused pain back, pelvic, sex, bowel, abdominal

6 Types of Pain Caused by Ovarian Cysts – Signs and Symptoms

The thing about ovarian cysts is that they are usually warm and fuzzy with the female reproductive system. That is until they get large enough, burst or cause complications such as ovarian torsion and ovarian cancer. When that happens, they trigger a host of ovarian cyst symptoms that will turn your life into a living hell.

Pain is a common ovarian cyst symptom. According to the US National Library of Medicine, it is a symptom that usually occurs when either of the following things happen. It occurs when a cyst in a woman’s ovary:

a)ruptures

b)bleeds

c)twists or causes the fallopian tube to twist

d)gets bumped during strenuous activity like sex

e)interferes with the ovary’s blood supply

f)turns into a large cyst

Any of these things can turn a i-don’t-have-any-problems-with-you ovarian cyst into a raging nuisance. And it’s not pretty. The following are the different types of pains that such a cyst can cause.

1. Pelvic pain

This is an ovarian cyst symptom that usually manifests because of the size of the cyst – when the cyst has simply exceeded the space threshold that the female reproductive system can allow. As a result, the cyst starts competing for space with adjacent organs and tissues. As it expands, it applies pressure on tissues and muscles, stretching them and moving them out of place. This can be very painful.

Pelvic pain can also occur when any of the complications of ovarian cysts occur. Ovarian cyst rupture is usually signified by sharp pelvic pain. So is ovarian torsion and infections of the female reproductive system. It is for this reason that it is usually advisable for you to seek immediate medical attention the moment you experience sharp pelvic pain, especially if it is sudden.

2. Painful periods

Ovarian cysts can mess with your periods. And it’s not just the cycle that they can mess with. They can make your periods painful.

You can experience the pain just before the periods, when bleeding or immediately after bleeding.

Given that the development of some cysts, functional ovarian cysts, is dependent on the menstrual cycle, it is believed that the hormonal fluctuations at or around your periods can trigger ovarian cyst irritation and is to blame for the pain.

3. Pain during sexual intercourse

The pain that ovarian cysts cause during sex is the deep kind of pain. Not the “superficial” kind – like the one caused by inadequate vaginal lubrication.

Painful sexual intercourse may occur because of the penis knocking on the cyst during penetration. It can also occur if the humping and thumping, during sex, causes the ovarian cyst to rupture. No matter the cause, this pain is a reliable way of getting you off the pleasure train.

4. Pain during bowel movements

This is a symptom of ovarian cysts that usually kicks in when the cysts grow so large that they start pressing against your bowels. This then not only reduces the capacity, volume wise, of your bowels but also inhibits it’s muscles ability to relax and contract – something that is necessary for smooth bowel movement. There is also the fact that when the cysts press hard enough against your bowels, they can cause a physical barrier. All this can cause a lot of pain and may even lead to serious complications of the digestive system.

5. Pain after sexual intercourse

The presence of ovarian cysts in your ovaries can also cause pain after sex.

6. Back pain

Back pain is a common symptom of ovarian cysts. It usually occurs when the cysts become large. This pain is usually felt in the lower back region and has a tendency to manifest as a dull ache.

ovarian cyst treatment tips

pain during sex and symptoms of ovarian cysts

6 Ways Ovarian Cysts Can Completely Ruin Your Sex Life

Normally, they don’t cause any symptoms. But when they do, they can be downright brutal. They can mess with your lifestyle. Your mood. Your self-esteem. And even your sex life. That is ovarian cysts for you.

Here are the 6 different ways that ovarian cysts, and its symptoms may be to blame for your orgasm drought.

1. The pain during sex ovarian cyst symptom

Ovarian cysts can make sex unbearable. They can cause pain. Not the good 50-shades-of-Grey kind. They cause the hey-could-you-stop kind of arousal-extinguishing pain. And unlike conditions like vaginal dryness that cause superficial painful sex, ovarian cysts usually cause deep pelvic pain.

It may be that the additional weight of your partner puts additional pressure on the cyst and surrounding tissues, or that it causes the ovarian cyst to burst or that your partner’s penis knocks on the cyst during penetration. Whichever the cause, it’s not pretty. And not the best companion when it comes to building a healthy sex life.

2. Weight gain – the esteem-shifting symptom of ovarian cysts

Unexplained weight gain is a symptom of ovarian cysts. One that has knack of lowering a woman’s self-esteem especially in the bedroom.

The weight gain may be as a result of hormonal changes that the presence of the cysts brings about. In extreme cases, it may be due to the weight of the cyst. For most women, it doesn’t really matter. Piling on weight, especially when it is immune to all the weight loss diets you know, is no way to boost your confidence in the bedroom. It messes with your confidence and in so doing, also messes with your ability to orgasm.

3. Distended abdomen – the figure-altering symptom

While still on the subject of self-esteem, ovarian cysts have more than one way to attack. If weight gain doesn’t work, it can simply create a bulge in your abdomen. This can make you light-shy and can make the can-we-please-switch-off-the-lights excuse more appealing. All this is not good for you. And it’s definitely not good for your partner.

4. Breast tenderness –the symptom that makes arousal weird

If you find nipple stimulation a faster way to turbo-charge your arousal, ovarian cysts can ruin that for you. This is because they can cause breast tenderness – a pregnancy-like symptom of ovarian cysts.

It will feel weird when your partner touches your nipples. And if playful biting is your thing, it won’t feel as arousing as before. And just like that, ovarian cysts can destroy your pleasure buttons.

5. Ovarian cyst treatment scars and body image

There are times when ovarian cysts become so large that removal through surgery is inescapable. There are also times when serious complications like ovarian cancer give you no choice in the matter.

While all this may be for a good cause, your health, it can end up leaving your body with permanent scars. These may make you shy or uncomfortable in intimate situations. And it may take some adjusting for you to get used to. But till you do, all the self consciousness that comes with the scars can make it hard for you to reach your potential – so far as sexual satisfaction goes.

6. Ovarian cyst symptoms that simply take you off the sex mood train

Ever tried getting into your sexual element when having back pains? Or enjoying a kiss when experiencing bouts of nausea and vomiting spells? Or when experiencing sharp pelvic pains? Or when you are sure that you can experience bleeding at any time? You can imagine how hard it can be. Or how much of a nightmare trying to pleasure, or receive pleasure, can be for a woman with cysts in her ovaries.

 

pain during sex caused by ovarian cysts

Can Ovarian Cysts Cause Pain During Sexual Intercourse?

Dyspareunia is the medical term used to describe this condition. And there is no better dampener of arousal like pain – be it mild pain, sharp pain, continuous pain or intermittent pain. Sadly, it is a common condition. 3 out of 4 women have it, so says the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Question is: can ovarian cysts cause painful sex?

Even though it is not the most common symptom of ovarian cysts, pain during sex can be caused by cystic growths. You ask how? Let’s dig into it.

Your pelvic/ abdominal region is crowded

Your pelvic and lower abdominal region is crowded as hell. You have the digestive system, the reproductive system and a couple of other organs fighting for space in this area. Adding a solid mass, unwanted mark you, into this already-crowded space is bound to cause a lot of problems.

Ovarian cysts simply intrude. They are not a couple of planned-for tissues or organs. They develop and grow because something didn’t go as planned. And to make it worse, they try to compete for space with other organs and tissues in your body.

Pressure, ovarian cysts and pain during sexual intercourse

The fact that ovarian cysts develop in an already-crowded area is bad enough. This, on its own, can cause pelvic pain because the cysts try to push tissues and organs out of their place and sometimes even end up twisting them. But adding pressure to an area that is already under strain? That is bound to make a bad situation worse.

But that is exactly what sex does. Sexual intercourse is a strenuous activity. Add to this the fact that some sexual positions, like the missionary position, allow your partner to put weight on your abdominal/ pelvic region and you have the perfect recipe for pelvic/abdominal pain. This is one of the main reasons why having ovarian cysts can cause pain during sexual intercourse.

Sometimes though, it has nothing to do with pressure. The cyst, when it transforms into a large cyst, can take up so much space that even the slightest penetration can lead to the penis touching it. This can cause irritation. It can even trigger an ovarian cyst rupture, something that may lead to sharp pelvic/ abdominal pains.

Hormonal imbalance, ovarian cysts and painful sex

Ovarian cysts can sometimes mess with your hormonal  balance. It may be that their presence messes up with the functioning of your ovaries, or that you have ovarian cysts that have hormone-producing capabilities. Whichever the case, this can interfere with your body’s sex chemistry. It can reduce your vagina’s lubrication system, among other things, and this can cause pain during sex. (Hormonal changes are one of the leading causes of pain during sex).

Some ovarian cyst symptoms make sex unbearable

Symptoms such as breast tenderness can mess up your arousal process. Especially if you are big on breast/areola stimulation. The biting and touching won’t be as good of a turn-on as you would like. This can be an inconvenient roadblock on the way to mount orgasm. So can the feeling-like-nodules-under-the-skin ovarian cyst symptom.

 

pelvic pain sign caused by ovarian cyst

Can Ovarian Cysts Cause Pelvic Pain? Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

When they grow into large cysts, ovarian cysts usually become unfriendly. This has to do with the fact that their size makes it almost impossible for peaceful coexistence with various parts of the female reproductive system. Most ovarian cyst symptoms usually manifest because of this.

Pelvic pain is a symptom of ovarian cysts that most women with cysts in their ovaries complain about. However, not all women experience it. And even those that experience this symptom usually experience it in different ways. This can make it confusing when trying to determine whether or not what you are experiencing is a symptom of ovarian cysts or a sign of a totally unrelated medical condition.

dermoid ovarian cyst prevention

The US National Library of Medicine is clear on why ovarian cysts cause pain. It lists 6 scenarios under which cysts in an ovary may cause pelvic pain. A cyst can cause pain if it:

  • Becomes large
  • Bleeds
  • Breaks open
  • Interferes with the blood supply to the ovary
  • Is bumped during sexual intercourse
  • Is twisted or causes twisting (torsion) of the Fallopian tube

Pelvic pain may occur before or during your menstrual periods

Ovarian cysts grow in or on ovaries, which are one of the most important hormonal production centers in the body. They specialize in producing menstrual-cycle related hormones. The mere presence of the cysts is bound to interfere with this process, leading to discomfort.

There is also the fact that the growth/development of some ovarian cysts, functional cysts, usually depends on the menstrual cycle. The hormonal fluctuations immediately before or during your menstrual periods may therefore be to blame for irritation of the cysts. This may be what is triggering the pelvic pain.

Pelvic pain may occur during or after sex

Sex is a strenuous activity.

During sex, it is possible to exert pressure on the area around the cyst. This may be as a result of the weight of your partner, especially if you are having sexual intercourse using the missionary position. It may also be because of the movement that happens during sex. Any pressure applied to the area can cause the cyst to press against tissues or organs, something that may cause pelvic pain.

Types of pelvic pains caused by ovarian cysts

The way one woman experiences the symptoms of ovarian cysts is usually different from the way another woman experiences them. It all depends on genetics, the type of cyst, its size and the lifestyle that a person leads.

Pelvic pain is no exception. In some women, the pain is intermittent while in others, it is continuous. Some women experience it as a dull heavy sensation while others experience it as a sharp and sudden pain that starts and then stops.

Pelvic pain caused by ovarian cyst complications

By the time ovarian cysts start causing pain, things are usually out of the norm. This is because cysts on ovaries don’t usually cause any symptoms. They appear and disappear, in most cases, without the affected woman knowing of their presence. Any pain they cause is therefore a clear message that you need to pay a visit to a doctor.

However, when the pelvic pain is sharp and sudden, you have no choice. You need immediate medical attention. This is because this type of pain is a common indication of ovarian cyst complications such as ovarian cyst rupture, ovarian torsion and infections that occur when a cyst bursts.

natural ovarian cyst treatment tips

difficulty going to the toilet caused by ovarian cysts

Can Ovarian Cysts Cause Difficult Or Painful Bowel Movements?

Is painful bowel movements an ovarian cyst symptom? If so, how can a cyst growing in the ovaries affect your bowels?

Ovarian cysts come with many symptoms. The only problem is that there isn’t a clear cut list of symptoms that one has to have in order to tell whether or not she has cysts in her ovaries. This is mainly because ovarian cyst symptoms manifest in different ways. It all depends on the person, the type of ovarian cyst that the person has and the size of the ovarian cyst.

What makes it more confusing is that some of the symptoms caused by ovarian cysts are also symptoms of some reproductive system and digestive system complications. There are even similarities between symptoms of ovarian cysts and signs of pregnancy.

For example, experiencing bowel movement problems is a likely indication of a problematic digestive system. Question is: can it also be a symptom of ovarian cysts?

Is painful bowel movement an ovarian cyst symptom?

The simple answer is: Yes.

Ovarian cysts can cause bowel movement complications. Because of how close the ovaries are to your bowels, any growth that develops in the ovaries can press against the bowels. This can then affect not only how much your bowels can hold, but also the ease with which its contents can move.

You will experience this symptom if your cysts have transformed into large cysts. You may feel pain when trying to empty your bowels. You may also find it difficult to completely empty your bowels – the large cyst pressing against your bowels may affect the muscle  contraction and relaxation process that is necessary for bowel movement- and thus increasing the need for you to visit the loo more frequently.

Treating difficult/painful bowel movements

Treating this symptom is a little bit tricky because a physical barrier is what is causing the symptom. Painkillers might help to make the pain tolerable, but still, it’s a physical barrier that is pressing against your bowels. There are therefore only two solutions that can really help to solve this problem:

a)shrink the ovarian cyst

b)remove the ovarian cyst

There are natural methods of treating ovarian cysts. These methods usually work by restoring balance in your body. They therefore work with your body to help get rid of the conditions that created the environment that enable the cyst to form and grow. By so doing, these natural methods of managing ovarian cysts can help to shrink the ovarian cysts. This can then reduce the pressure on your bowels.

As for removal of the cyst, this is something that can only be done through surgery. It may call for undertaking more-than-you-are-comfortable-with risks but it is sometimes necessary especially when the cyst is so large that it leads to other medical complications.

 

ovarian cyst symptoms

Can An Ovarian Cyst Cause A Swollen Abdomen or Distended Stomach?

Is a distended stomach or swollen tummy one of the symptoms of ovarian cysts? If it is, how does a cystic growth in the ovaries cause a tummy to swell? And are there any known cases where a woman has had her stomach affected because of having a cyst in her ovaries?

The simple answers is: Yes, a distended/swollen abdomen is a symptom of ovarian cysts.

How common is it as an ovarian cyst symptom

It is a pretty common symptom. Almost all of the leading medical websites lists it as a symptom of ovarian cysts and in most cases it is usually listed in the same line as bloating of the abdomen – swelling is usually a sign of bloating on overdrive.

Women’s Health.gov lists it among the common signs of cysts in ovaries, so does John Hopkins Medicine, and so does the US National Library of Medicine.

Why ovarian cysts cause a swollen abdomen

There are two possible causes of an ovarian-cyst-induced abdominal swelling.

A large cyst takes up space

The first has to do with the physical space that a cyst occupies, especially when it becomes a large cyst. Remember that it is an unwanted growth in the body that your body never planned for. Its mere existence in your reproductive system is therefore likely to cause things to look out of shape/place. Your abdomen is not immune to this.

A large ovarian cyst pushes against the stomach

The second reason has to do with the effect that the presence of a cyst has on the stomach itself.

According to WebMd, one of the main causes of bloating, read swelling of the abdomen, is physical obstructions that make it hard for food to move along the digestive tract. While most ovarian cysts rarely become large cysts, some of them do. This can sometimes cause them to push against organs of the digestive system. Bloating may be one of the effects of this.

Take the case of the woman with the 90 pound ovarian cyst. Her cyst was so large that it literally squished the contents of her stomach – that is a direct quote from one of her doctors if you were wondering. This is something that is bound to have an effect on the effectiveness of anyone’s digestive system.

Of course, the 90 pound large cyst case is an extreme example. But it gives you a sense of how having an ovarian cyst can sometimes mess with your digestion. How it can end up causing a distended abdomen.

Other causes of bloating / swollen/distended abdomen

Bloating of the abdomen is a common symptom of ovarian cysts. But this does not mean that ovarian cysts are the only causes of a distended abdomen. It is a symptom of many conditions/diseases, ovarian cysts just happens to be one of them.

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