An ovarian cyst rupture can be nasty. Life threatening even. It can also be just another harmless process that takes place in your reproductive system. It all depends on a number of factors.
There is the size of the cyst, the type of cyst, the cause of the cyst burst, and there is also genetics. These are some of the factors that cause differences in the severity, and resulting effects, of an ovarian cyst rupture.
The following are stages of treatment that a woman normally goes through when one or more of her cysts have ruptured. How far down the management stages you will go will solely depend on the severity of your ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. If you are lucky, the process may stop at the wait-and-see stage. If not, your doctor may have to take extra steps in order to ensure that your life is not at risk.
The first thing that you need to understand is that as a fluid-filled sac that forms on the ovary, an ovarian cyst is usually harmless. This cyst can break open as a result of physical trauma, the resulting pressure from more fluid accumulation, or just because of genetics.
The second thing to know: the stages of ruptured ovarian cyst management.
Stage one: Wait and see
Most cases of ovarian cyst burst don’t cause complications. The fluid from the rupture usually drains out of the female reproductive system through the vagina. This causes an abnormal vaginal discharge. And sometimes, that is all the symptoms that a woman gets.
All that the doctor has to do in this case is to keep track of the resulting symptoms. No pain medication. No surgery. Nothing. Just plain old observation.
Stage two: pain medication to relive ovarian cyst rupture pain
An ovarian cyst rupture can cause excruciating pelvic pain. The presence of cystic fluid in the reproductive system can also cause infections. This, in addition to the literal tearing of the membrane, can cause unbearable pelvic and abdominal pain.
To relieve this pain, your doctor will have to give you pain medications. The medications can be oral. They can also be given intravenously – this is in extreme pelvic or abdominal pain circumstances.
Stage 3: blood replacement
In rare cases, an ovarian cyst rupture can cause a woman’s blood vessels to burst. The cyst itself may also bleed. This then leads to excess bleeding that can then cause serious complications. The lost blood will need replacing.
Stage 4: surgery
If the bleeding that results from an ovarian cyst rupture doesn’t stop, you doctor may have to intervene. He or she may need to operate in order to remove blood clots and fluids, and maybe close the source of the bleeding. And there are times when the surgical removal of the cyst or the entire ovary is necessary. This will expose you to all the risks associated with surgery.