ovarian teratoma recurrence

Do Dermoid Cysts Grow Back? 5 Things to Know About Recurrence of Ovarian Cysts

Worried about whether or not your dermoid cysts will return? You are not alone. Most women who have had a brush with ovarian cysts do. And for a good reason.

Why? Because dermoid ovarian cysts can sometimes decide to be downright nasty. They can cause ovarian cyst complications such as cyst rupture and ovarian torsion. They can cause reproductive system infections. And they can sometimes turn out to contain traces of cancerous cells.

If you have lived through any of the nightmares that dermoid cysts and their symptoms cause, going through the same thing is not something to look forward to. Especially if you had to undergo surgery or any other drastic ovarian cyst treatment.

The risks, the worrying, the hoping, the doctor visits and all the costs associated with dealing with symptomatic dermoid cysts can make your life a living hell. Question is: after successfully getting rid of the dermoid ovarian cysts, is there a likelihood that they can grow back? Can they return to haunt you down the line?

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1. What causes dermoid ovarian cysts?

Mayo Clinic makes it clear. The real cause of dermoid ovarian cysts is not known. What medical practitioners know are the factors that increase the likelihood of falling victim to ovarian cysts.

Some of the factors, like genetics, are out of your control. But most are within the realm of your control because they are mostly lifestyle choices. And for as long as they exist, your reproductive system is still at risk of developing dermoid ovarian cysts.

2. Removal of a dermoid cyst solves nothing

Surgical methods of treating ovarian cysts can get rid of existing cysts on ovaries. But they don’t deal with the underlying causes of ovarian cysts. They are therefore “surface level” cures of dermoid cysts.

It therefore doesn’t matter how comprehensive a treatment you undergo. If the underlying cause of dermoid cysts is still existent, and if you are still exposed to the factors that increase your likelihood of developing cysts in your ovaries, dermoid ovarian cysts can always find their way back into your ovaries. Dermoid ovarian cyst removal through surgery does not prevent the cyst recurrence.

3. Birth control pills and dermoid ovarian cyst recurrence

Doctors sometimes recommend birth control pills as a way to prevent the development or growth of cysts on ovaries. This is usually based on the theory that the growth of ovarian cysts are tied to the menstrual cycle and its hormones. And since birth control pills can interfere with the cycles of the female reproductive system, it can also come in handy in helping to keep ovarian cysts from coming back or growing.

This is a flawed method of preventing or treating ovarian cysts. Here is why:

a)the ineffectiveness of birth control pills

They sometimes work. They work because functional cysts develop in women who are ovulating. Without ovulation, functional cysts have no opportunity to form in a woman’s ovaries. As Mayo Clinic puts it: ” Anything that makes ovulation less frequent reduces your chance of developing an ovarian cyst. Birth control pills, pregnancy, and breast-feeding in the first 6 months following birth prevent ovulation. Ovulation ceases when menopause is complete.”

The theory is sound. There are even cases where women have found some success both in preventing ovarian cysts from coming back and managing the symptoms of ovarian cysts. But exactly how effective are birth control pills? What do research studies show?

” combined oral contraceptives appear to be of no benefit.”

This was a study of studies. a group of researchers studied the research work and studies done by other scientists. The data gathered was from 686 women who had agreed to participate in studies aimed at determining the effectiveness of birth control pills in helping to get rid of ovarian cysts. What they found out was that contraceptives didn’t help.

” Although widely used for treating functional ovarian cysts, combined oral contraceptives appear to be of no benefit. Watchful waiting for two or three cycles is appropriate.” That was their conclusion.

b)birth control pill side effects

If the goal is to get rid of ovarian cyst symptoms and to get better, then birth control pills aren’t the best alternative. Why? Because they have a host of their own side effects which can sometimes turn out to be worse than those of ovarian cysts.

Using them as a way of preventing ovarian cysts is not sustainable. Why? Because it may mean that you will always have to be on birth control pills.

Remember that list, above, of the things that can help to prevent ovulation? Being told to use birth control pills as a way of preventing cyst formation is more or less like being told to get pregnant or breast feed or go into menopause if you want to prevent ovarian cysts from  forming in your ovaries. It just doesn’t make sense!

c)these are dermoid cysts, not functional ovarian cysts

Functional ovarian cysts develop when something in the egg-releasing process doesn’t go as planned. It is the reason for their name “functional” – they develop in the course of the normal functioning of the female reproductive system.

It is one of the reasons why some women have had positive results using birth control pills to either prevent ovarian cysts from coming back or manage symptoms of ovarian cysts.

The development of dermoid cysts in the ovaries has nothing to do with the menstrual cycle. They develop because for some reason, a germ cell gets trapped in the ovaries. It has absolutely nothing to do with the hormonal changes of a woman’s menstrual cycle.

This means only one thing. It means that you can pump you body full of a combination of as many birth control pills as you want, but it won’t do you any good so far as preventing dermoid cysts from growing back goes.

4. A reason not to worry about dermoid cyst growing back

Can dermoid ovarian cysts grow back? Yes they can.

But they rarely do. Studies put the risks of having a dermoid ovarian cyst recurrence at 4.2%. This is good news since 4% is a very small number.

Look at it this way: if you have gotten rid of the dermoid cysts in your ovaries, there is a 96% chance that they won’t show up again.

5. Reducing the risks of dermoid ovarian cyst returning

There is a 4.2% chance of recurrence after a cyst removal. But to reduce the risks even further, it is important that you reduce your exposure to factors that encourage the development of cysts in ovaries. You should try natural methods of preventing ovarian cysts. They are effective in preventing recurrence of cystic growths mainly because they deal with the root cause of the problem – the things that make your body prone to ovarian cysts.

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ovarian teratoma cysts on ovaries

Do dermoid cysts have to be removed?

Dermoid cysts are unwanted growths in the ovary. They contain things like teeth, skin, hair and even pieces of organs that are sometimes functional. Question is, is the surgical removal of dermoid ovarian cysts necessary? Is it a must? Is it worth the trouble?

If only surgical removal were free of health risks

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It might have been a no-brainer if it were possible to get rid of the cysts without surgery. Of course they are abnormal growths. And who knows what they can do when left alone?

But intrusive surgery, however minimal it may be, is all there is.  And cutting up and opening up a human being carries a number of risks. There is the pain associated with the surgery, the medications, the risks of infection and even the possibility of accidents that can end up messing with the way your body functions.

An alternative to dermoid ovarian cyst removal

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Once you realize that you have a dermoid ovarian cyst, removal of the cyst through surgery should therefore not be the first step. Why? Because surgery is no joke. And sometimes the risks involved are not worth it – not because your health doesn’t matter but because there might be a better way. A hassle-free way that may guarantee your health while  also shielding your reproductive system from the potential dangers of surgery – like damage to your organs.

The wait and see approach to treating dermoid ovarian cysts

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It’s really not a treatment. It isn’t a cure. But it is an approach that has proven effective in helping women with ovarian cysts to keep their sanity and preserve their health.

This approach of managing dermoid ovarian cysts involves letting the cysts be and then watching them to see what happens. It is a strategy that has proven to be effective time and time again because it is rooted on solid scientific/medical dermoid ovarian cyst research studies.

Why the wait-and-see dermoid cyst treatment works

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Dermoid cysts are usually small. They also have super-slow growth rates which means that over the years, they rarely grow to worrisome sizes. It is because of these characteristics that most women with dermoid ovarian cysts rarely realize that they have them. And what is even better is that the cysts on ovaries have a habit of being reluctant when it comes to causing ovarian cyst symptoms.

All this usually adds up to dermoid ovarian cysts being cystic growths that are too small to interfere with the functioning of the female reproductive system.

Which brings us to the main question: why intervene and put your reproductive health at risk when your reproductive system has no quarrels with the cysts? Why put your body under the stress of surgery when you aren’t suffering from any ovarian cyst symptoms.

A fool-proof alternative to surgical removal of dermoid ovarian cysts

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Leading medical practitioners advice that under these circumstances, you should leave the dermoid cysts alone.

Of course there is always a chance that they may develop into large cysts. That is why your doctor will be there to monitor ovarian teratoma’s growth.

With the average size of dermoid ovarian cysts being less than 4 inches (10cm) and their  average growth rate at 1-2mm a year, you have little to worry about under these circumstances. Especially if you take time to eat healthy and reduce exposure to risk factors associated with the occurrence of ovarian cysts.

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Dermoid ovarian cyst complications and surgical intervention

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Dermoid ovarian cyst complications? The chances of that happening are slim. Ovarian cyst rupture has a less than 1% chance of taking place, ovarian torsion usually occurs in 3-11% of ovarian teratoma cases, and infections occur in less than 1% of reported dermoid cyst in ovary cases. The risks of the dermoid cyst turning malignant is also small.

But this does not mean that complications don’t happen.

Dermoid cysts sometimes grow into large cysts. They sometimes rupture, be it because of overgrowing their enclosure or physical trauma. They also sometimes lead to infections of the reproductive system. And they sometimes contain traces of cancerous cells.

When this happens, surgery may be necessary. In some cases, especially when the symptoms of dermoid cysts become severe, immediate medical attention is a must.

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ovarian teratoma and conception pregnancy complications

Can a dermoid ovarian cyst cause infertility?

Dermoid cysts sometimes grow in the ovaries. And given that ovaries play a central role when it comes to conception, the question that every woman with the cysts asks is: can dermoid ovarian cysts affect their ability to get pregnant? And, do they affect pregnancy?

Normal dermoid ovarian cysts and infertility

Do dermoid ovarian cysts cause infertility?

Dermoid cysts are usually small. They also grow slowly. This makes for cystic growths whose presence is rarely noticed by the female reproductive system. It is for this reason that these cysts on ovaries tend to be asymptomatic – rarely cause ovarian cyst symptoms – and are often discovered incidentally.

Given the fact that they are usually too small to bother the functioning of a woman’s reproductive system, there is really no reason to assume that they can cause infertility or make it harder for a woman to get pregnant.

According to Mayo Clinic, in an article by Mary M. Gallenberg, M.D., ” … dermoid cysts aren’t associated with infertility.” The only exception provided being cases where the cysts on ovaries become very large.

In a study reported in the American Academy of Family Physicians, 32% of the women in the study managed to get pregnant in spite of having dermoid cysts in their ovaries. A significant number of women with dermoid cysts in their ovaries were also able to give birth in this study.

Therefore, normal dermoid cysts that don’t have accelerated growth, that don’t develop complications, and which are not cancerous – and therefore don’t require surgery – are not detrimental so far as getting pregnant is concerned.

Large dermoid cysts and getting pregnant

 

Can large ovarian cysts cause infertility?

There are times when dermoid ovarian cysts grow faster than usual. They can therefore become too large to go unnoticed. This will give rise to some of the symptoms generally associated with ovarian cysts. A woman with large dermoid cysts is therefore likely to experience most of  the symptoms of ovarian cysts like heaviness, abdominal/pelvic pain, breast tenderness and an increase in the frequency of the need to urinate.

But that is not all that a large dermoid cyst can do to the human body. When the cysts becomes too large, they affect the functioning of the reproductive system. They can form physical barriers that make it impossible for fertilization to take place or they can affect the functioning of the ovaries and sometimes even the entire female reproductive system.

Take the case of a 57 year old woman whose case was reported in the Journal of Medical Case Reports. She had a large ovarian cyst, but she didn’t know. And even when the cystic growth grew to such an extent that it caused her to have difficulty breathing and even increased her weight, she didn’t suspect a thing. It was only after paying a visit to the doctor that she realized the source of her discomfort and the damage that the large cyst had done. According to LiveScience, the ovarian cyst “… was so big that it had shoved her uterus to the side, squished her abdominal contents and extended all the way up to her diaphragm.”

Her’s was an extreme case. And the cyst on her ovary wasn’t a dermoid cyst. And her’s is also an extreme and extra-rare case of large ovarian cysts. But it gives you a sense of the damage that ovarian cysts, including dermoid cysts, can do to the human body when they grow out of control.

 

Dermoid ovarian torsion and infertility

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

Ovarian torsion, which is a fancy word for the twisting of the ovaries, is the most common complication in women with dermoid cysts. So, can it affect the ability of a woman to conceive?

What ovarian torsion does is that it restricts blood flow to the ovaries. This means that at the onset of this complication, oxygen and nutrient supply to ovarian tissues is usually limited. Over time, this can lead to damaged ovarian tissues. It can also cause a woman’s ovary to completely die.

Ovaries produce the eggs that are needed for conception. They are also responsible for the production of pregnancy hormones. Therefore, if you have a damaged ovary in your reproductive system, the chances of getting pregnant will significantly reduce. This complication will cause difficulty in getting pregnant.

Dermoid ovarian cyst rupture and infertility

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There is a 1-4% risk of a dermoid ovarian cyst rupturing. This is a serious condition that usually demands immediate medical attention because in addition to the severe abdominal and pelvic pain that results from the cyst burst, there is also an increased risk of infection. This usually occurs because of the fluid that is released into the female reproductive system after the rupture.

This infection can lead to many complications. Some of them can cause getting pregnant problems. For example, if the infection causes scarring, it may end up blocking the fallopian tubes. This may make it impossible for conception to occur. Scarring may also lead to pregnancy complications. An ectopic pregnancy is one of these.

Dermoid cysts, ovarian cancer and infertility

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If traces of cancerous cells are detected in a dermoid ovarian cyst, removal of the cyst on ovary may be necessary. And to avoid the spread of the cancer, doctors may also decide to remove the ovaries.

If the surgical removal of a woman’s ovary is necessary to avoid the spread of cancer cells, then this will reduce her chances of getting pregnant. If both ovaries are removed, then this may lead to permanent infertility.

This does not however mean that every case of dermoid ovarian cyst malignancy needs to end with the infertility. It is possible to remove dermoid cysts that show signs of cancer without damaging the ovaries.

Surgical removal of dermoid ovarian cysts and infertility

 

This may be necessary in cases where the ovarian teratoma is growing out of control. It may also be necessary in order to prevent the spread of cancer to other parts of the female reproductive system. Some of the rare complications of dermoid ovarian cysts may also make this necessary.

Whichever the case, surgical removal of the cystic growths puts your fertility at risk.

Doubled risk of infertility because of dermoid cysts

Dermoid ovarian cysts have a tendency of growing in both ovaries – at least in 10-15% of the cases. This puts both ovaries at risk when any of the above complications arise.

Answer to: Can a dermoid cyst cause infertility?

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

The answer is: yes it can.

But this is not always the case.

It only does so when it grows to such an extent that it starts interfering with the functioning of the female reproductive system. Or when complications arise.

Most ovarian teratomas (dermoid cysts) are small in size. The risks of complications arising because of the cysts are slim. Therefore, if you have dermoid ovarian cysts, the odds are in your favor.There is a good chance that you can still get pregnant.

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Can A Dermoid Ovarian Cyst Be Cancerous? (Do they cause ovarian cancer?)

Dermoid ovarian cysts are ugly to look at – all the teeth, hair, eyes, blood and skin that they potentially contain does not make for an appealing sight. The question however is; does this ugliness extend to the symptoms that the cystic growths cause. And more specifically, can they lead to ovarian cancer?

Dermoid ovarian cysts and ovarian cyst symptoms

dermoid cysts on ovaries pelvic pain and abdominal pain

Understand this: the fact that dermoid ovarian cysts, also known as ovarian teratomas, look scary does not mean that they cause the worst of symptoms of ovarian cysts. In fact, it is the opposite. These ugly looking cysts, that are sometimes called ovarian teratomas, rarely show any ovarian cyst symptoms.

Their appearance has more to do with the way that they develop and less with the damage that they can do to the female reproductive system.

Dermoid cysts form germ cells that have the ability to develop into any tissues be it skin, teeth, eyes, thyroid tissues, fat tissues and tissues of different organs. There are even cases of the cysts containing functioning organ parts. And while this might sound all scary and threatening. It is usually not.

What works to the advantage of dermoid cysts on ovaries is the fact that they grow at a slower rate. Them being usually small in size is but a bonus. They therefore tend to be all bark with no bite – at least most of the time.

Dermoid ovarian cysts and cancer

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The same goes for ovarian cancer complications. The chances of dermoid cysts being malignant are very slim. In fact, studies show that about 98% of all dermoid cysts are benign. And 2% is an ultra-narrow window.

So, if you have dermoid ovarian cysts, you needn’t worry  a lot. The chances of the cystic growth being non-cancerous stand at 98%. Those are pretty good odds.

The chances of you ending up with ovarian cancer are even slimmer if you haven’t yet slipped to the postmenopausal league. This is because the 2% malignancy rate is made up of women who are already past menopause.

What makes a dermoid cyst turn cancerous

According WebMD, doctors don’t really know what causes malignancy in dermoid ovarian cysts. They may have theories and suspicions. They may have an idea of the risk factors. But they really don’t know what exactly is responsible for the 2% of dermoid cyst cases that end up in ovarian cancer. This is unfortunate.

Difficulty in detecting malignancy in ovarian teratomas

The fact that it is difficult to detect signs of cancer in a dermoid ovarian cyst is no secret. According to Radiopaedia, this has to do with the fact that the cancerous cells only form part of the cyst. Therefore, before surgery, knowing whether a dermoid cyst is cancerous or not is almost impossible unless the cancer spreads to adjacent tissues.

In a 24-year study that was carried out on 6 patients at Velindre Cancer Center in the UK, only one out of the 6 was suspected of having ovarian cancer after medical tests but before surgery. Surgery was necessary to discover the cancer in the ovaries of the other 5 patients. MRI scans, CT scans and ultrasound scans weren’t super-helplful in helping to distinguish between a malignant dermoid cyst and a benign one.

Fertility-safe removal of dermoid ovarian cysts is possible 

According to an Australia New Zealand gynaecological oncology group (ANZGOG) and gynaecologic cancer intergroup (GCIG) study, the fact that a woman develops cancerous dermoid cysts does not mean that she has to lose her ovaries. In the study,  there were 4 women who had good outcomes from fertility-sparing surgery.

Conclusion

Dermoid ovarian cysts that turn cancerous are rare, very rare. If you have dermoid cysts, there is a 98% chance that the cysts are benign.

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mature cystic teratoma, monster cyst, rate of growth in ovaries in female reproductive sytem

What Are Dermoid Ovarian Cysts?

Dermoid ovarian cysts are tumors that grow in the ovaries. They are strange tumors in that unlike other types of ovarian cysts, they don’t just contain fluids. They are known to contain structures such as fully developed hair, teeth, thyroid  tissues, blood, eyes and skin. There are even cases where dermoid cysts contain fully-functioning organ tissues. This is the case for almost 30% of women with this type of cystic growths.

Another name for dermoid ovarian cysts

Ovarian teratoma.

Dermoid cysts on ovaries got this name because of the way that they appear. The fact that they contain recognizable structures of the skin, hair, teeth and other organ tissues makes them look bizarre. More like little monsters. And that’s how they ended up with the name ovarian teratoma.

They develop in the ovaries hence the ovarian part of the name. As for teratoma, it is derived from a greek word teras. Teras means monster. In essence, this other name simply means ovarian monster.

Mature cystic teratoma is a variation of the name that you can use to describe these ovarian growths.

What gives dermoid ovarian cysts their unique characteristics?

It all has to do with the cells from which the cysts form. These ovarian cysts usually develop from one or more germ cells that gets trapped in the ovaries.

The germ cells can develop into any specialized cells. They can develop into cells that form skin tissues, thyroid tissues, eyes, brain tissue and almost any other part of the human body. This is what sets it apart from other types of ovarian cysts such as functional cysts.

Functional cysts usually develop in the course of a woman’s menstrual cycle – when the follicle, that releases the egg, gets filled up with a fluid. As for dermoid cysts, their development has nothing to do with the functioning of the female reproductive system. They simply appear in the ovaries.

Rate of growth of dermoid ovarian cysts

They are slow growing cysts. This is one of the main reasons why they rarely display most of the symptoms of ovarian cysts. It is also a reason why in most cases, it is usually advisable to refrain from surgical removal of the ovarian cysts.

Their slow rate of growth and their usually small size rarely interferes with the functioning of the female reproductive system. And for as long as they don’t cause any of the usual ovarian cyst symptoms and as long as they remain small in size, it doesn’t make sense to take on the risks associated with undergoing surgery to remove dermoid ovarian cysts – risks like ovarian damage that could end up leading to infertility.

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dermoid ovarian cyst teratoma symptoms complex in ovaries

5 Complications Of Dermoid Ovarian Cysts (Complex Cysts)

No doubt, the thought of having hair, bone tissues, functioning thyroid tissues, eyes, teeth and nails in your ovaries is scary. That is what dermoid cysts, also known as ovarian teratomas, do. They introduce strange things into your ovary.

But while what they contain is stuff of nightmares, these cysts rarely cause complications. This is because of the fact that they are usually small. And that they grow even slower. At least most of the time. They therefore rarely interfere with the working of the body of a woman who has them.

However, there are times when complications arise. When the cysts grow and become very large. When they affect the functioning of female reproductive system. And when their presence in a woman’s ovaries gives rise to conditions that call for immediate medical attention.

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The following are 5 complications that are usually associated with this type of cysts on ovaries.

1. Ovarian torsion

Ovarian torsion is a condition that occurs when ovarian cysts cause the twisting of the ovaries. It usually has the effect of constricting blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the ovaries, something that is definitely not good for a woman’s ovaries.

The twisting of the ovaries can cause the ovaries to die. This is so especially in cases where the twisting results in almost-total blockage of blood supply to and from the ovaries. The death of the ovaries can also result when after ovarian torsion, a woman fails to seek immediate medical attention.

But that is not all that dermoid-cysts-caused torsion does. In addition to excruciating pelvic pain, ovarian torsion can also make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant. Why? Because it increases the risks of ovarian damage.

The fact that dermoid ovarian cysts show a predilection for affecting both ovaries only makes the effect of this complication worse. Why? Because if ovarian torsion occurs in both ovaries, it can lead to permanent infertility, which is bad news for any woman with the hopes of getting pregnant.

2. Ovarian cyst rupture

The rupturing of cysts on ovaries is painful. It can also lead to complications such as infections and excessive bleeding.

Dermoid ovarian cysts can rupture. This is something that can happen when the cysts get too big. It can also occur as a result of physical trauma. And if this complication develops, it is best to seek the help of a doctor immediately.

3. Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer kills. The fact that dermoid cysts on ovaries can develop cancerous cells is therefore scary for women with the cysts.

The only good news is that the chances of dermoid cysts turning cancerous are slim. Studies put it the chances of this happening at 1-2%. It is also good news that early detection can give you an advantage when it comes to fighting back against this complication.

4. Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia

There is a less than 1% chance of developing this complication. But still, it can happen.

Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia is a condition that is characterized by the destruction of red blood cells by antibodies. Some of the symptoms of the condition include light headedness, headaches, brittle nails, bluish egg whites and more-than-normal tiredness. Shortness of breath is also a common symptom.

There are several documented cases of dermoid ovarian cysts causing this complication. And in almost all of the cases, it took the removal of the ovarian cysts through surgery, ovarian cystectomy to be exact, for the symptoms of the condition to subside.

5. Hallucinations

This is a rare symptom. The most popular case is the one about a woman who was admitted to hospital hoping to be treated for a psychiatric condition only to find out that all her troubles were caused by the ovarian teratoma that was in her ovaries. All this was documented in an episode of Monsters Inside Me.

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10 Things You Should Know About Dermoid Ovarian Cysts – Statistics And Numbers In Pictures

Dermoid ovarian cysts, sometimes referred to as monster cysts, have strange characteristics. They sometimes contain teeth, hair, eyes, blood and even functioning thyroid tissues.

But despite their scary appearance, this type of ovarian cysts is harmless. They rarely show most of common symptoms of cysts on ovaries, their chances of becoming cancerous are very slim and given their slow rate of growth, they rarely lead to complications of the female reproductive system.

The following are a couple of facts about dermoid cysts. They will help to shed some light on these cystic growths. (Click to enlarge the images)

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For more details, read this article about ovarian teratoma facts.

References:
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2960
http://radiopaedia.org/articles/mature-cystic-ovarian-teratoma
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/281850-overview#a4
teratomas, monster cysts, dermoid ovarian cysts

Dermoid Ovarian Cysts By The Numbers – Who it affects, How Common They Are And The Risks Of Serious Complications

Dermoid ovarian cysts, also called cystic teratomas, affect a woman’s ovaries. They are unusual in that unlike most cysts that only contain fluids, these cysts usually contain fully formed tissues of the skin, thyroid, eyes, hair and even bones. This is one of the reason that they are sometimes referred to as monster cysts.

MedicineNet, Radiopaedia and MedScape have interesting statistics on these types of ovarian cysts. Here is a summary of the interesting bits.

30 yrs

This is the average age of the people that are most affected by ovarian cyst teratomas.

15%

The percentage of women with dermoid cysts who end up having the cysts in both ovaries. This usually complicates things. If ovarian torsion occurs in both ovaries, then the risks of infertility increase.

45cm/17inches

The general maximum diameter of dermoid ovarian cysts. Of course this doesn’t mean that there aren’t ovarian teratomas that exceed 17 inches. There is always room for outliers.

20yrs

Dermoid cysts are the most common type of cysts found in women under 20 years.

98%

This is the percentage of cystic teratomas that are benign – that is noncancerous dermoid cysts. That leaves about 2% of dermoid ovarian cysts that develop signs of cancer.

1831

This is the year that the term dermoid cyst was first used in a book. Actually, the actual terms that was used was “kyste dermoid”. And No, it wasn’t in relation to human ovarian cysts. The term was used by Leblanc. He used it when describing a lesion that he had found in a horse’s skull.

1863

The year that dermoid ovarian cysts first got the cystic teratoma name. Teratoma is a word that was derived from the Greek word teras which essentially means monster. It was first used by a person called Virchow in his book about tumors.

3-16%

Ovarian teratomas are notorious for causing ovarian torsion – twisting of the ovaries. It is estimated that about 16% of dermoid ovarian cyst cases usually end up with ovarian torsion complications.

This is a potentially life-threatening complication that is usually signaled by sharp pelvic or ovarian pain. It is a condition that may also make it difficult for women to get pregnant.

1-4%

This is the percentage of dermoid cyst cases that result in ovarian cyst rupture.

30%

Not all cystic teratomas end up with fully formed organ structures. But a significant number does. Studies put the number at 30%.

ovarian cyst symptoms, cure, remedies, natural treatments

monster ovarian cyst teratoma

Dermoid Ovarian Cysts – The Reason Why Hairs, Teeth And Bones Might Form In Your Ovaries

The appearance of dermoid ovarian cysts is so strange that when they were first discovered, people started referring to them as little monsters. This is the reason why they are also called ovarian teratomas.

Where the mature cystic teratoma name came from

Teratoma is a name that is derived from the greek word teras. And teras is a word that means monster.

While it might sound as sort of an overreach to refer to mere cystic growths in the ovaries as monsters, it is actually not. Consider this: they sort of appear where they are not supposed to and they can sometimes not only have hair, mature skin tissues, bones and even eyes, but can also grow into large cysts. In most cases, they look like half-formed babies.

And it’s not like they appear a result of conception gone wrong – this might have made sense. No. These cysts can grow in the ovaries of any woman who is of a childbearing age. In fact, they are the most common type of cysts that develop in women below the age of 20.

Why the weird dermoid ovarian cyst characteristics?

It all has to do with how the ovarian cysts form.

According to MedicineNet, these types of ovarian cysts form from germ cells that have the ability to develop into almost any tissues.

For some reason, the germ cell is sometimes trapped within the ovary. And with time, the cell gives rise to multiple cells that eventually end up forming one or more fully-formed tissues. The cells can develop into recognizable hair tissues, they can form blood, fat tissues, mature skin, bones and so on.

There is even a documented case where the germ cell ended up giving rise to brain cells – this led to serious complications especially when the woman’s immune system decided to take action against the cystic teratoma that had formed in her ovaries.

Less severe symptoms of ovarian cysts

Despite the “monster” name and despite their appearance, dermoid cysts are usually more forgiving when it comes to displaying symptoms of ovarian cysts. Most women with the cysts rarely even know that they have them. And in most cases, they are usually discovered by accident.

This has something to do with the fact that they are usually small in size. It also helps that they have a slow growth rate. All this usually helps to ensure that their presence in the female reproductive system causes minimal disruption.

Increased risks of ovarian torsion

monster ovarian cysts

However, despite the likelihood of dermoid ovarian cysts and your reproductive system having peaceful coexistence, these cysts can sometimes turn unfriendly. This is because, as noted by both MedicineNet and Radiopaedia, these cysts have a high tendency of causing ovarian torsion, which is a serious medical condition that calls for immediate medical attention.

Ovarian torsion and the increased risks of infertility

Ovarian torsion is a complication of the female reproductive system. Simply put, it refers to the twisting of the ovaries.

This twisting usually blocks the flow of blood to the tissues of the ovary. Blocked or restricted blood flow means that ovarian tissues don’t get oxygen and nutrients. Therefore, without immediate medical attention, it is a condition that can lead to the death of a woman’s ovaries.

Dermoid ovarian cysts increase the likelihood of this condition occurring. The fact that about 15% of all dermoid ovarian cyst cases usually involve the cysts growing in both ovaries only makes these cysts bad news for women who have hopes of getting pregnant.

Maybe they deserve the monster cyst tag after all

These cysts got their name because of the way they look. And while they rarely cause severe ovarian cyst symptoms, the fact that they show a tendency to cause ovarian torsion – which can cause permanent infertility – might as well mean that dermoid ovarian cysts have earned the cystic teratoma name.

 

ovarian cyst symptoms, cure, remedies, natural treatments

 

 

 

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