A cyst burst is accompanied by a couple of symptoms. Some of the symptoms are mild. Others are severe. It all varies from person to person.
As a result, different people have different needs when it comes to ovarian cyst rupture management. The following are some of the things that are usually necessary when it comes to managing ruptured ovarian cysts.
Sometimes, all an ovarian cyst rupture causes is mild pain. If you are lucky enough to get away with only mild pain, you won’t really need any medication.
However, this does not mean that you shouldn’t see a doctor. This is because of the ever-present risk of complications developing. Having a doctor track your progress is important to ensure that you are safe and that nothing goes wrong.
Imaging tests may be carried out to confirm any internal bleeding or discharge. Your doctor may also have to take an ultrasound just to make sure that everything is okay.
2. Pain medication
Sharp pelvic pain is a common symptom of ovarian cyst rupture. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.
The pain that you experience during an ovarian cyst rupture can be caused by a number of things. Radiopaedia.com provides a list of 3 main causes of this pain.
The first reason why you may experience pain is because when the rupture happens, it causes the capsule of the ovary to stretch.
The second reason is that the cyst burst torques the ovarian pedicle.
And the third reason is because of the irritation that results when the ovarian cyst releases its contents into your reproductive system.
To be able to get you through the day, you will need pain medication. And if no serious complication of ovarian cyst rupture occurs, this may be the only treatment your need. You may even be allowed to take the pain treatment at home.
3. Antibacterial medication
Two things happen when an ovarian cyst ruptures:
1. The wall of the cyst tears;
2. The contents of the cyst are released.
Both of these things increase the risks of an infection.
When the walls of the cyst tears, it creates a wound. This wound can develop an infection. And when it does, this infection can spread to your blood stream.
The discharge that is released after an ovarian cyst ruptures can also lead to an infection when it gets trapped within your reproductive system. This is because when it remains inside you, it creates an environment that encourages bacterial development. The infection that results from this can then spread to your blood.
If you have an infection, your body will need help fighting it off. If the infection isn’t advanced, oral antibacterial medicine will do. However, if the infection has advanced, and your body needs immediate help keeping the infection at bay, you will be given this medication intravenously.
4. Intravenous fluids
According to Hopkins Medicine, this is something that will be necessary if complications of ruptured cysts arise. This is so especially if excessive bleeding occurs. In such cases, it will be necessary to replace any lost fluids. The best way to do this is through an IV treatment.
In addition to replacing your fluids, your doctor may have to also take repeated ultrasounds in order to track the rate of discharge and bleeding. Your red blood cell count, heart rate and other vital signs may also have to be checked.
Surgical intervention is usually reserved for extreme cases. It is usually necessary when there is uncontrolled bleeding. Removal of any blood clots that form in your reproductive system will also require surgery. And since there is a risk of an ovarian cyst having cancerous cells, surgery may be necessary in order to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer. This step is usually taken in cases where a woman experiences worsening ovarian cyst rupture symptoms.