When they grow into large cysts, ovarian cysts usually become unfriendly. This has to do with the fact that their size makes it almost impossible for peaceful coexistence with various parts of the female reproductive system. Most ovarian cyst symptoms usually manifest because of this.
Pelvic pain is a symptom of ovarian cysts that most women with cysts in their ovaries complain about. However, not all women experience it. And even those that experience this symptom usually experience it in different ways. This can make it confusing when trying to determine whether or not what you are experiencing is a symptom of ovarian cysts or a sign of a totally unrelated medical condition.
The US National Library of Medicine is clear on why ovarian cysts cause pain. It lists 6 scenarios under which cysts in an ovary may cause pelvic pain. A cyst can cause pain if it:
- Becomes large
- Breaks open
- Interferes with the blood supply to the ovary
- Is bumped during sexual intercourse
- Is twisted or causes twisting (torsion) of the Fallopian tube
Pelvic pain may occur before or during your menstrual periods
Ovarian cysts grow in or on ovaries, which are one of the most important hormonal production centers in the body. They specialize in producing menstrual-cycle related hormones. The mere presence of the cysts is bound to interfere with this process, leading to discomfort.
There is also the fact that the growth/development of some ovarian cysts, functional cysts, usually depends on the menstrual cycle. The hormonal fluctuations immediately before or during your menstrual periods may therefore be to blame for irritation of the cysts. This may be what is triggering the pelvic pain.
Pelvic pain may occur during or after sex
Sex is a strenuous activity.
During sex, it is possible to exert pressure on the area around the cyst. This may be as a result of the weight of your partner, especially if you are having sexual intercourse using the missionary position. It may also be because of the movement that happens during sex. Any pressure applied to the area can cause the cyst to press against tissues or organs, something that may cause pelvic pain.
Types of pelvic pains caused by ovarian cysts
The way one woman experiences the symptoms of ovarian cysts is usually different from the way another woman experiences them. It all depends on genetics, the type of cyst, its size and the lifestyle that a person leads.
Pelvic pain is no exception. In some women, the pain is intermittent while in others, it is continuous. Some women experience it as a dull heavy sensation while others experience it as a sharp and sudden pain that starts and then stops.
Pelvic pain caused by ovarian cyst complications
By the time ovarian cysts start causing pain, things are usually out of the norm. This is because cysts on ovaries don’t usually cause any symptoms. They appear and disappear, in most cases, without the affected woman knowing of their presence. Any pain they cause is therefore a clear message that you need to pay a visit to a doctor.
However, when the pelvic pain is sharp and sudden, you have no choice. You need immediate medical attention. This is because this type of pain is a common indication of ovarian cyst complications such as ovarian cyst rupture, ovarian torsion and infections that occur when a cyst bursts.