Ovarian cysts rupture because of strenuous activities such as exercise and sex. They also rupture because of hormonal fluctuations. And also when they become too large. Question is: what happens after a cyst bursts? Here is what you should know about what to expect in case you end up with a ruptured ovarian cyst.
You will feel pain
When a cyst ruptures, a sharp abdominal / pelvic pain is the first thing you will notice. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.
However, it is also possible for the pain to be dull instead of sharp. There are also rare incidences where a cyst burst isn’t accompanied by any pain. In short, the pain symptom usually varies from woman to woman.
You will experience abnormal vaginal bleeding
A cyst burst is usually associated with some form of vaginal discharge. This is due to the fact that when a cyst ruptures, it usually releases its contents. This content, usually a fluid, then finds its way out of the female reproductive system through the vaginal opening. This is what manifests as a vaginal discharge. It sometimes also seems like a dark brown chocolate-like bleeding mainly because some cysts contain blood.
The nature of the discharge will vary
Because different cysts contain different materials, the nature of this discharge usually varies from case to case. This includes variations in the color of the discharge. For example, when a chocolate cyst ruptures, it is likely to lead to a dark brown discharge. The color of the discharge will be different from that of other types of ovarian cysts.
The amount of discharge also varies
Since the vaginal discharge that results from an ovarian cyst rupture depends on the contents of the cyst, the amount of discharge will also vary. Why? Because cysts usually occur in different sizes. Large cysts will result in a larger discharge. Smaller cysts will cause little to negligible discharge — that is, generally.
You will be under the threat of ovarian cyst rupture complications
If you notice any symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts, you should immediately pay a visit to a doctor. Why? Because there are times when a simple cyst burst causes complications that turn life-threatening.
For example, the discharge that is released after the cyst bursts can lead to internal infections. These infections can not only spread, but also cause scarring that may then lead to infertility.
If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for your blood to clot, any bleeding that results from the rupture can get out of control. The excessive blood loss that results can then put your life in danger.
So, what causes an ovarian cyst to rupture? Physical trauma for one. There is hormonal fluctuations. There is also the abnormal increase in size of the cyst. And sometimes, a cyst ruptures just because. Here is what you should know about ruptured ovarian cysts and why you can have them.
Ovarian cyst overview
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that is usually found in the ovaries. Why do they form in the ovaries? Because something, that doctors aren’t really sure of, goes wrong during the ovulation process. This is how you end up with functional cysts.
There are also other cysts that develop independent of the ovulation process. A dermoid ovarian cyst is a good example of such cysts. These cysts are usually known as nonfunctional cysts — their formation has no relation to the functioning of your reproductive system. And no, no one knows exactly why they develop.
To clearly understand what really causes a cyst to rupture, think of an ovarian cyst as a balloon that is filled with water. Generally, the things that can make the balloon burst are almost the same as those that can cause your ovarian cysts to rupture.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and physical trauma
Physical trauma simply entails any activity that will apply undue force or pressure on your ovarian cysts. Sex is a good example of a strenuous activity. Intense exercise is too. Any of these activities will cause the abdominal and pelvic muscles to apply a lot of pressure on the ovarian cyst, causing it to burst.
Going to the balloon example, if you squeeze the balloon really hard, it will burst. Same here.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and the effect of hormones
Hormones play a big role in how your reproductive system works. Hormonal imbalance is even listed as one of the main causes of not only the formation of ovarian cysts, but also the occurrence of ruptured ovarian cysts.
One way through which hormones can cause a cyst to burst is by having an effect on the toughness of the ovarian cyst’s wall. By making the sac, which is basically what holds the cyst’s contents, weak,, it can cause it to burst.
Going to the balloon example, if it happened that the balloon itself had defects that made it’s walls weak, the simple act of filling it with water can be enough to cause it to rupture. Also, hormones can cause the cyst to grow at an abnormal rate. The rate at which fluid accumulates in the sac may then overwhelm the sac, causing it to rupture.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and size
As an ovarian cyst grows, it occupies more and more space. The problem is that the space around your ovaries is limited. As a result, this increase in size will create a lot of pressure around the area. It is this pressure increase that then causes the ovarian cyst to rupture.
An increase in the size of an ovarian cyst can also cause cyst’s sac to overextend. With time, this may also lead to an ovarian cyst rupture.
A sharp pelvic pain is a common sign of an ovarian cyst rupture. This, in addition to other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain and nausea, is usually an indication that you need to seek the immediate attention of a doctor.
However, the question is, what usually causes ovarian cyst rupture? Can exercise cause your ovarian cysts to rupture? And if so, does it mean that avoiding exercising is a foolproof way of preventing the devastating effects of having ruptured ovarian cysts?
Question: Can exercise cause an ovarian cyst to rupture?
Why does exercise cause an ovarian cyst to rupture?
Exercise is a strenuous activity. And in most cases, it usually involves the straining of the abdominal and pelvic muscles.
What this means is that every time you exercise, you directly or indirectly apply pressure on the cyst. And given that an ovarian cyst is simply a fluid-filled sac, this pressure sometimes causes the sac to burst.
What are the common ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms?
When the sac bursts, it usually releases the contents of the cyst. These contents usually escape through the vagina, making abnormal vaginal discharge a common symptom of a burst cyst.
It is important to note that the color of this vaginal discharge usually varies. This is because different cysts have different contents. For example, if the ovarian cyst that has ruptured has dark brown contents, it will cause a dark brown vaginal discharge.
The rupturing of an ovarian cyst is usually accompanied by pain. This pain can be sharp and intermittent. It can also be dull and continuous.
Generally, it will vary depending on the type of ovarian cyst rupture, the type of cyst, existing hormonal balance and the person.
Severe complications can also develop from a cyst rupture. Some of the severe symptoms associated with cyst bursts include anemia due to excessive blood loss, life-threatening infections and shock.
This is one of the main reasons why it is always advisable that you see a doctor as soon as you notice any ovarian cyst rupture symptom.
Is avoiding exercise the key to avoiding ovarian cyst rupture?
While avoiding strenuous exercise is a good way of minimizing the risks of a cyst burst, it’s not foolproof. This is because ovarian cysts burst for different reasons.
They can burst simply because they have become too large to be contained by the sac. They can rupture because of hormonal changes. They can also rupture because of any other strenuous activity such as sex. And can also rupture just because — doctors don’t know the exact reason why ruptured ovarian cysts occur.
Being told that you have a cyst in your ovaries can be scary. The only thing that can top it is being told that you have ruptured ovarian cysts.
The symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture vary from mild pain to sharp unbearable pelvic and abdominal pains. The effects of an ovarian cyst burst also vary from those that don’t require the intervention of a doctor to those that require immediate surgical intervention.
The only good news is that while the presence of ovarian cysts in your reproductive system — and their subsequent rupturing — can be dangerous, it is rarely so. In fact, in most cases, all that one needs is to be put under observation by a doctor.
Sex and ruptured ovarian cysts
Knowing what causes an ovarian cyst rupture is sometimes key to preventing it from happening. And the question as to whether sex can cause this ovarian cyst complication is one that has bothered most. In this post, that is what is going to be discussed.
Can sexual intercourse cause an ovarian cyst to burst?
Answer: Yes. Sexual intercourse can cause an ovarian cyst to rupture.
According to Saint Luke’s Health, sexual activity is one of the most common causes of ovarian cyst rupture. They list it in the same category as strenuous activities such as exercise. This is because both sex and exercise usually apply pressure to the abdominal and pelvic region. And just like exerting pressure on a balloon can cause it to burst, exerting pressure or putting strain on the muscles surrounding the ovarian cyst will cause it to rupture — this is exactly what sexual intercourse does.
Minimizing the risk of ovarian cyst rupture during sex
However, it is important to note that strenuous activities such as sexual intercourse are not the only causes of ovarian cyst rupture. Factors such as the type of the cyst, hormonal imbalance and the cyst becoming too large for the sac, can also cause the cyst to rupture.
What this means is that while keeping away from sex can minimize the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst, it is no way a foolproof method of avoiding a cyst burst.
Also, given the fact that it is the strenuousness of sex that triggers the rupture, it is possible to minimize the risks of this complication by taking advantage of sexual positions that do not exert a lot of pressure on both your abdomen and pelvic regions.
Importance of seeing a doctor after an ovarian cyst rupture
If your cyst ruptures during sexual intercourse or during any other strenuous activity, you are likely to feel a sharp pain in either the pelvic or the abdominal region. Abnormal vaginal bleeding and other symptoms of a cyst burst may also follow.
In such cases, seeking the immediate attention of a doctor is a must. This is because while it is possible that all you may need is to be put under observation, there is always the real danger of the ovarian cyst rupture leading to uncontrolled bleeding, reproductive system infections and shock — that is according to Medscape.
An ovarian cyst rupture can be nasty. Life threatening even. It can also be just another harmless process that takes place in your reproductive system. It all depends on a number of factors.
There is the size of the cyst, the type of cyst, the cause of the cyst burst, and there is also genetics. These are some of the factors that cause differences in the severity, and resulting effects, of an ovarian cyst rupture.
The following are stages of treatment that a woman normally goes through when one or more of her cysts have ruptured. How far down the management stages you will go will solely depend on the severity of your ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. If you are lucky, the process may stop at the wait-and-see stage. If not, your doctor may have to take extra steps in order to ensure that your life is not at risk.
The first thing that you need to understand is that as a fluid-filled sac that forms on the ovary, an ovarian cyst is usually harmless. This cyst can break open as a result of physical trauma, the resulting pressure from more fluid accumulation, or just because of genetics.
The second thing to know: the stages of ruptured ovarian cyst management.
Stage one: Wait and see
Most cases of ovarian cyst burst don’t cause complications. The fluid from the rupture usually drains out of the female reproductive system through the vagina. This causes an abnormal vaginal discharge. And sometimes, that is all the symptoms that a woman gets.
All that the doctor has to do in this case is to keep track of the resulting symptoms. No pain medication. No surgery. Nothing. Just plain old observation.
Stage two: pain medication to relive ovarian cyst rupture pain
An ovarian cyst rupture can cause excruciating pelvic pain. The presence of cystic fluid in the reproductive system can also cause infections. This, in addition to the literal tearing of the membrane, can cause unbearable pelvic and abdominal pain.
To relieve this pain, your doctor will have to give you pain medications. The medications can be oral. They can also be given intravenously – this is in extreme pelvic or abdominal pain circumstances.
Stage 3: blood replacement
In rare cases, an ovarian cyst rupture can cause a woman’s blood vessels to burst. The cyst itself may also bleed. This then leads to excess bleeding that can then cause serious complications. The lost blood will need replacing.
Stage 4: surgery
If the bleeding that results from an ovarian cyst rupture doesn’t stop, you doctor may have to intervene. He or she may need to operate in order to remove blood clots and fluids, and maybe close the source of the bleeding. And there are times when the surgical removal of the cyst or the entire ovary is necessary. This will expose you to all the risks associated with surgery.
It is alarming how often doctors miss the signs of ovarian cysts. The symptoms of cysts on ovaries are quite straightforward, with things like pelvic pain and bloating of the abdomen leading the charge. And so when doctors miss these signs over the course of months, and sometimes even years, you are left scratching your head and wondering where their brains were when they were doing the diagnosis.
Take the case of the 22 year old English woman who went from doctor to doctor, trying to find a doctor who could give her answers. Her symptoms? Abdominal pain and a weird feeling of fullness in the abdominal region – classic ovarian cyst symptoms.
It’s obesity, they said
And guess what was the first thing that her doctors jumped to? Obesity. They didn’t even bother to perform a simple ultrasound. They just went for it: you are fat, and that is what is to blame for the weird feeling in your abdomen.
It’s likely kidney stones, another one said
Lucky for her, she wasn’t satisfied with this answer. And so she resumed her doctor-bouncing escapades until she landed on one who had a brilliant idea. The doctor believed that kidney stones were to blame for all her troubles. He was dead wrong.
However, while this doctor’s hunch was a total miss, it turned out to be a blessing in disguise.
A simple ultrasound is all it took
To check for the kidney stones, the doctors performed an ultrasound scan. And that’s when they saw it.
A large growing ovarian cyst was right there, in her reproductive system. It was so huge that it literally filled her abdominal cavity. That was the cause of all her discomfort and all her pain. And what’s worse is that while doctors kept dismissing the woman’s symptoms as mere side effects of obesity, this ovarian cyst kept growing. It kept becoming larger and larger while the woman was being bounced around from doctor to doctor.
Cancerous ovarian cyst worry
Given that some ovarian cysts can be cancerous, the doctors who discovered it were worried. And so they did tests just to rule out ovarian cancer, something that might have complicated the ovarian cyst treatment process.
They did the tests. And luckily, her ovarian cyst was benign – noncancerous. Can you imagine how sad it would have been if it had been cancerous, and if the cancer had developed and spread while her doctors were still aiming for misses or dismissing what she felt?
The date has been set for 2017. There is a first volunteer. And if things go as Dr. Sergio Canavero – a neuroscientist – plans, we will have the first successful human head transplant in history. Here are 5 reasons why he might actually succeed.
1. The successes of Dr. Robert White
There are a lot of similarities between monkeys and humans. Biologically, the differences are minimal. And so if a neurosurgeon was able to transplant a monkey’s head onto another, chances are that small improvements in the technology and methodology could make a successful human head transplant possible.
Dr. Robert White was able to successfully transplant a monkey’s head. He did this in 1970, with all the bad technology that was in place at the time. And what is more interesting was the fact that the monkey lived. It was able to smell, taste, hear and see. Those were successes!
Well, the monkey was paralyzed. And it only survived for 9 days because of immune system complications. But keep in mind that this was 1970. The technology that we have right now is robust enough to deal with the challenges of spinal fusion. And as for the immune system complications, Dr. Canavero and his group of experts believe that they have solutions: hypothermia, an ultra sharp surgical blade, and a 3-4 week coma. And also a little bit of electrical stimulation through implanted electrodes with the aim of encouraging proper fusion
2. Dr. Xiaoping And 1000 Mice
In medicine, lab testing usually starts with mice. They are a staple in most medical labs because of the biological resemblance with humans. They are a starting piece and successful testing with mice is usually a good sign.
That’s why the successes of Dr. Xiaoping is good news for Dr. Canavero and his head transplant ambitions. According to Medical News Today, Dr. Xiaoping has up to date conducted over 1000 head transplants on mice. 1000 is a huge number. A lot of heads too. And a lot of good news for Dr. Canavero since Dr. Xiaoping is part of a number of talented surgeons that will be helping him crystallize his ambitions into reality.
3. The potential benefits of human head transplant
The thing about possibilities what human beings are capable of doing to reach them is surprising.
It is easy to understand the benefits of such a procedure.
For the experts, the 150 or so surgeons who plan to participate, there is the prestige that comes from successfully doing such a procedure. Of being at the forefront. Of being remembered and of going down the history books as one of the greatest surgeons. It is sexy and attractive.
Investors also buy into the same dream. And it is no surprise that the two countries that are willing to fund the head transplant experiment are China and Russia – arms race, anyone?
And then there are the practical potential benefits of the problem. Take for example Spiridonov. He is suffering from spinal muscular atrophy. He can’t control his muscles. And with every waking breath, he knows that he is living on borrowed time. A head transplant could significantly change his life. And many more –that is if it is successful.
The practical benefits are attractive. The glory is attractive. All this translates to support that might prove instrumental in making a head transplant successful.
4. The Chinese Factor In The Human Transplant Game
You can imagine the furor that such a procedure would cause in America. And it won’t be just protests from people who are concerned about the ethics of conducting such a procedure – it’s literally beheading!
But thanks to China, these are obstacles that the good surgeon doesn’t have to deal with. China and Dr. Canavero have already inked a contract that will make the head transplant possible sometime in 2017.
The Chinese factor was such great news for the doctor that he had to disappoint Valeri Spiridonov – the Russian who was determined to be the first person to undergo a head transplant.
Sorry to the Russian. It turns out that a Chinese national will be first. This is all good news for Dr. Canavero for he gets two test subjects with possibly “I guess the second time’s a charm” balancing on his lips.
5. Support from leading medical professionals
When people in your field support your grand ambitions, you tend to seem less crazy. The “nuts” word used to describe you slowly transforms into “ambitious” or “brilliant”. And the more support you get, the more is likely to come your way. Investors too, which is very important given the level of expertise and money, $11 million per operation, needed.
Dr. Michael Sarr of Mayo Clinic, the chief editor of Surgery, the journal, has lent his support. Others too. And sure, the more like support he gets, the more resources he will receive, and the more support he will get – which all equals to increased odds of success.
As the doctor says: “The world is moving, the critics are dwindling. Of course, there will always be critics. Science teaches us that when you propose something groundbreaking, you must be confronted by criticism. If no critics really step forward, you are saying nothing special.”
But again, head transplant?! I shudder at the thought of some people getting their hands on that technology – think cartel and terrorists trying to beat facial recognition software.
Pain is one of the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts. But when the pain becomes extreme all of a sudden, chances are that you are not just experiencing a normal cyst symptom. Chances are that the cyst in your ovary has ruptured.
Extreme pain, which can be intermittent or continuous, is one of the most common and reliable symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture. And cyst ruptures are some of the most common causes of abdominal pain in women.
Ruptured ovarian cyst pain and pregnancy
This pain can be experienced by a woman who is pregnant – given that cysts can rupture during pregnancy. As a result, it can sometimes be a source of confusion especially when it happens during the early weeks of pregnancy. Why? Because the symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture usually mimic those of an ectopic pregnancy.
Both ectopic pregnancies and cyst bursts usually cause extreme pain. They are also in the habit of causing vaginal bleeding. Symptoms wise, it is usually hard to tell the difference between the two. This is however something that a simple ultrasound sound test can help solve.
Why does ovarian cyst rupture cause pain.
Radiopaedia has an answer. It lists 3 possible reasons why the rupturing of an ovarian cyst can cause the excruciating pain that they are known for. Here they are:
torquing of the ovarian pedicle
stretching of the ovarian capsule
peritoneal irritation caused by an ovarian cyst rupture leak causes
Other symptoms that may accompany cyst-burst-induced pain
The extreme pain that one feels may be accompanied by symptoms like:
1.Nausea and vomiting
3.Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Treatment of ruptured ovarian cyst pain
Cyst ruptures that do not develop complications are easy to treat. For these, all a doctor has to do is put the woman under observation – basically watching out for any signs of complications such as excessive bleeding and infections.
However, if the rupturing of a cyst is accompanied by extreme pain, it may be necessary for the doctor to prescribe pain medication – even in cases where the cyst rupture incident is complications-free.
A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.
There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.
1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom
However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain. This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.
The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.
2. Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.
3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge
Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.
Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?
Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.
But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.
As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.
The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms
Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:
4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause
6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.
7. Shoulder tenderness
8. Septic shock
9. Hemorrhagic shock
10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape
Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.