Dyspareunia is the medical term used to describe this condition. And there is no better dampener of arousal like pain – be it mild pain, sharp pain, continuous pain or intermittent pain. Sadly, it is a common condition. 3 out of 4 women have it, so says the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Question is: can ovarian cysts cause painful sex?
Even though it is not the most common symptom of ovarian cysts, pain during sex can be caused by cystic growths. You ask how? Let’s dig into it.
Your pelvic/ abdominal region is crowded
Your pelvic and lower abdominal region is crowded as hell. You have the digestive system, the reproductive system and a couple of other organs fighting for space in this area. Adding a solid mass, unwanted mark you, into this already-crowded space is bound to cause a lot of problems.
Ovarian cysts simply intrude. They are not a couple of planned-for tissues or organs. They develop and grow because something didn’t go as planned. And to make it worse, they try to compete for space with other organs and tissues in your body.
Pressure, ovarian cysts and pain during sexual intercourse
The fact that ovarian cysts develop in an already-crowded area is bad enough. This, on its own, can cause pelvic pain because the cysts try to push tissues and organs out of their place and sometimes even end up twisting them. But adding pressure to an area that is already under strain? That is bound to make a bad situation worse.
But that is exactly what sex does. Sexual intercourse is a strenuous activity. Add to this the fact that some sexual positions, like the missionary position, allow your partner to put weight on your abdominal/ pelvic region and you have the perfect recipe for pelvic/abdominal pain. This is one of the main reasons why having ovarian cysts can cause pain during sexual intercourse.
Sometimes though, it has nothing to do with pressure. The cyst, when it transforms into a large cyst, can take up so much space that even the slightest penetration can lead to the penis touching it. This can cause irritation. It can even trigger an ovarian cyst rupture, something that may lead to sharp pelvic/ abdominal pains.
Hormonal imbalance, ovarian cysts and painful sex
Ovarian cysts can sometimes mess with your hormonal balance. It may be that their presence messes up with the functioning of your ovaries, or that you have ovarian cysts that have hormone-producing capabilities. Whichever the case, this can interfere with your body’s sex chemistry. It can reduce your vagina’s lubrication system, among other things, and this can cause pain during sex. (Hormonal changes are one of the leading causes of pain during sex).
Some ovarian cyst symptoms make sex unbearable
Symptoms such as breast tenderness can mess up your arousal process. Especially if you are big on breast/areola stimulation. The biting and touching won’t be as good of a turn-on as you would like. This can be an inconvenient roadblock on the way to mount orgasm. So can the feeling-like-nodules-under-the-skin ovarian cyst symptom.