So, what causes an ovarian cyst to rupture? Physical trauma for one. There is hormonal fluctuations. There is also the abnormal increase in size of the cyst. And sometimes, a cyst ruptures just because. Here is what you should know about ruptured ovarian cysts and why you can have them.
Ovarian cyst overview
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that is usually found in the ovaries. Why do they form in the ovaries? Because something, that doctors aren’t really sure of, goes wrong during the ovulation process. This is how you end up with functional cysts.
There are also other cysts that develop independent of the ovulation process. A dermoid ovarian cyst is a good example of such cysts. These cysts are usually known as nonfunctional cysts — their formation has no relation to the functioning of your reproductive system. And no, no one knows exactly why they develop.
To clearly understand what really causes a cyst to rupture, think of an ovarian cyst as a balloon that is filled with water. Generally, the things that can make the balloon burst are almost the same as those that can cause your ovarian cysts to rupture.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and physical trauma
Physical trauma simply entails any activity that will apply undue force or pressure on your ovarian cysts. Sex is a good example of a strenuous activity. Intense exercise is too. Any of these activities will cause the abdominal and pelvic muscles to apply a lot of pressure on the ovarian cyst, causing it to burst.
Going to the balloon example, if you squeeze the balloon really hard, it will burst. Same here.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and the effect of hormones
Hormones play a big role in how your reproductive system works. Hormonal imbalance is even listed as one of the main causes of not only the formation of ovarian cysts, but also the occurrence of ruptured ovarian cysts.
One way through which hormones can cause a cyst to burst is by having an effect on the toughness of the ovarian cyst’s wall. By making the sac, which is basically what holds the cyst’s contents, weak,, it can cause it to burst.
Going to the balloon example, if it happened that the balloon itself had defects that made it’s walls weak, the simple act of filling it with water can be enough to cause it to rupture. Also, hormones can cause the cyst to grow at an abnormal rate. The rate at which fluid accumulates in the sac may then overwhelm the sac, causing it to rupture.
Ruptured ovarian cysts and size
As an ovarian cyst grows, it occupies more and more space. The problem is that the space around your ovaries is limited. As a result, this increase in size will create a lot of pressure around the area. It is this pressure increase that then causes the ovarian cyst to rupture.
An increase in the size of an ovarian cyst can also cause cyst’s sac to overextend. With time, this may also lead to an ovarian cyst rupture.