A cyst burst usually comes with a host of nasty symptoms. There is the excruciating pain, the vaginal discharge, the looming possibility of an infection and the risk of the bleeding getting out of control. There are even cases where an innocent ovarian cyst rupture has led to death.
Question is: why do ovarian cysts rupture? What causes a cyst burst? What triggers it? And does understanding it hold the key of reducing the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst?
The key to understanding an ovarian cyst rupture lies in knowing what they really are. By definition, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that develops in or on the ovaries.
Fluid filled sac is what you should keep in mind. Think of it as a balloon filled with water. Why would such a balloon burst? If you can come up with any educated guesses as to why that might happen, you most likely have answered the question: why do ovarian cysts rupture.
Too much fluid in the cyst
What holds the contents of a cyst together is a thin membrane. An ovarian cyst usually grows when more and more fluid fills this membrane. Unfortunately, this does not always result in the membrane growing. And so, the more the cyst fills up with fluid, the more the pressure that the membrane is under. Eventually the resulting pressure just becomes too much to handle and the membrane tears up, releasing the fluid. And hence a full-blown ovarian cyst rupture.
Physical trauma and ruptured cysts
Most ruptured ovarian cyst cases usually begin when a woman is either having sexual intercourse, exercising or engaging in any strenuous sexual activity. This is because of the effect that these activities usually have on the cyst.
Strenuous activity, like sexual intercourse, usually applies pressure on the abdominal region. It usually causes the muscles to press against the cyst. And just like a balloon filled with water, when the pressure is too much, it bursts.
However, this effect isn’t limited to activities that a woman participates in. Any type of physical trauma, such as falling or getting hit in the abdominal region, can trigger a cyst burst.
Cysts that rupture for no reason at all
There are types when an ovarian cyst ruptures in spite of there being no physical trauma and no accumulation of fluid (growth of the cyst). It just happens. It may be because of a hormonal imbalance, genetics or who knows what. There are times when cysts, even ones which are not large cysts, just rupture for seemingly no logical reason.