A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.
There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.
1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom
However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain. This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.
The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.
2. Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.
3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge
Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.
Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?
Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.
But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.
As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.
The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms
Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:
4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause
6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.
7. Shoulder tenderness
8. Septic shock
9. Hemorrhagic shock
10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape
Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.