Ruptured ovarian cysts - can they cause abnormal vaginal bleeding?

Do Ruptured Ovarian Cysts Cause Vaginal Discharge / Bleeding? Cyst Burst Answers

While ovarian cyst ruptures are not common, they do happen. And when they do, they usually come with a host of severe ovarian cyst symptoms.

Question is, is a vaginal discharge one of them? And can an increase in vaginal bleeding be an indication of a ruptured ovarian cyst? And what about bleeding between periods?

Question: Can an ovarian cyst burst cause you to have a vaginal discharge?

Answer: Yes, it can.

Why do ruptured ovarian cysts cause vaginal discharge?

Short answer: because ovarian cysts contain fluids.

An ovarian cyst is defined as a fluid-filled sac that occurs on or in a woman’s ovaries.

Therefore, when the sac bursts / ruptures, it is natural to expect it to release any fluids that it is holding. And since the vagina is the “path of least resistance”, this fluid escapes the female reproductive system through it and out of a woman’s body.

Can an ovarian cyst rupture cause bleeding between periods or spotting?

It depends.

Why? Because it depends on the contents of the ovarian cysts. For example if you have a chocolate cyst, the discharge will be dark brown –chocolate-like — and will seem like bleeding or spotting that happens in-between your periods. If this type of cyst bursts, the discharge will be dark brown in color.

Some ovarian cysts also contain blood. When these types of cysts burst, they will release this blood. This will cause vaginal bleeding.

There are also times when the nature of an ovarian cyst rupture causes internal bleeding. The blood that results from this bleeding then finds its way out of the female reproductive system via the vagina. This can therefore be a source of the bleeding between periods that a person experiences after a cyst bursts.

Why does the rupture-related vaginal bleeding occur between periods?

Because ovarian cyst ruptures don’t always sync with a woman’s menstrual cycle.

They happen for a number of reasons. It can be because of the strenuous nature of the sex that you are engaged in. It can be because of extreme exercise. It can also be simply because of a messed up hormonal system. Most of these things have nothing to do with the timing of your periods.

As a result, a rupture-caused vaginal bleeding will likely take place earlier or later than your normal bleeding.

Do ruptured ovarian cysts cause abnormal excessive or prolonged bleeding during menstrual periods?

They can.

When an ovarian cyst rupture occurs during your periods, the cyst will still release its fluid. This fluid will mix with your periods to form an excessive vaginal discharge.

Also, ruptured ovarian cysts can cause bleeding in or around the ovary. If this happens, this blood mixing with your periods will cause abnormally prolonged or excessive bleeding.

There is also the fact that ovaries play an important role in determining hormonal balance in the body. Since ovarian cysts develop in or around the ovaries, they are bound to affect the functioning of the ovaries. The cysts rupturing is no exception.

An ovarian cyst rupture that affects the ovaries can mess with your hormonal balance.And since hormones play an important role in the menstrual cycle, this can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding.

What is the color of the vaginal discharge caused by an ovarian cyst rupture?

The color of the discharge varies. This is because it depends on the nature of the cyst and what it contained.

To a degree, it also depends on whether bleeding occurs as a result of a cyst burst. Why? Because if there is bleeding, the blood will mix with the contents of the cyst. The resultant discharge will have a different color — when compared to a case where there is no bleeding.

It is also important to note that the amount of the vaginal discharge will also vary depending on the size and nature of the cyst. Generally, large ovarian cysts will tend to cause a heavier discharge when they rupture.

The amount of vaginal discharge will also depend on whether the ovarian cyst rupture leads to complications. If a complication such as internal bleeding results from a cyst burst, you are likely to experience a heavier-than-normal vaginal discharge.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and additional symptoms

While there are rare cases where an ovarian cyst rupture goes unnoticed, most ruptures are usually accompanied by one or more ovarian cyst symptoms. One of the most common ones is a sharp abdominal or pelvic pain. This makes it easy to tell if ruptured ovarian cysts are to blame for your abnormal vaginal discharge.

ovarian cyst rupture ruptured and bursted

What Is An Ovarian Cyst Rupture? – An Introduction To What You Should Know

Ovarian Cyst Rupture Answers:

What does it mean when a doctor tells you that you have ruptured ovarian cysts? When are your cysts said to have bursted? And what exactly causes a cyst burst? Here are answers to these questions.

According to Mayo Clinic, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that grows in or on the ovaries.

So there is a sac, and then there is a fluid. A rupture is said to happen when the sac, which is practically the ovarian cyst’s container, bursts or tears. And when this happens, the cyst will release its contents. This is one of the main reasons why an ovarian cyst rupture is usually accompanied by a vaginal discharge.

An easy way of thinking about the ovarian cyst rupture process

Again, a sac and a fluid. Think of it like a balloon with water. And in this case, the balloon represents the sac. And water the fluid that is common in almost all ovarian cysts. The balloon is said to rupture when its walls can no longer hold the contents, causing it to release the water. Same thing with an ovarian cyst rupture.

The balloon example makes it easy to understand the causes of ovarian cyst rupture

Things that can cause a water-filled balloon to burst are almost the same as those that usually cause ovarian cyst rupture in women.

Physical trauma and ovarian cyst rupture

If you press on a balloon really hard, it will burst, causing it to release the water. Same thing happens with ovarian cysts, when physical pressure is applied on them, they tend to rupture. This is why strenuous physical activities such as sex and exercise are a leading cause of ruptured ovarian cysts.

Hormonal imbalance as a cause of ruptured ovarian cysts

On the other hand, if the balloon itself is made up of weak material, it can easily burst on its own. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If the sac that is holding the fluid is weak, chances of a cyst burst occurring are really high.

Also, if you increase the amount of water in the balloon, the balloon will grow in size. Chances of it bursting will also be high. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If it increases in size, the amount of pressure from this growth may be too much for the sac to handle. This can then lead to a cyst rupture.

In the female reproductive system, hormones control things like the strength of the sac and the rate at which the cyst grows. This makes hormonal balance a key factor in determining the risks of an ovarian cyst rupture and the symptoms associated with it.

ruptured ovarian cyst treatments burst remedies

Ruptured Ovarian Cysts Treatment / Management – What You Should Know

An ovarian cyst rupture can be uneventful. It can also be a painful event that is coupled with complications such as internal infections, excessive bleeding and even infertility. The following are the different ways through which you can manage this potentially fatal ovarian cyst complication.

The wait-and-see method of managing ruptured ovarian cysts

Given the potential of things going really bad when it comes to no an ovarian cyst rupture, it is sometimes surprising to come to the realization that sometimes, all that you need is to be put under observation. This is the wait-and-see method of “treating” ovarian cysts. It involves a doctor keeping you under observation, tracking your well-being just to make sure that no complications develop. And if nothing happens, you simply go back home with no medication needed.

The pain medication method of treating ovarian cyst rupture

Pelvic and abdominal pain are common symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture. These pains can get super-severe. When they do, they can disrupt your normal daily routines and simply render you dysfunctional.

When the pain caused by ovarian cyst rupture causes extreme pain, a doctor will prescribe pain medication to help alleviate these symptoms of cyst bursts. They make dealing with it easier and sort of make it possible for you to go about your daily routine.

The doctor may have to administer the pain medication intravenously if the pain is too extreme.This is a way more effective and faster method of delivering the pain-relieving properties of the medication to your body. It is preferred in super-extreme cases.

If no other ovarian cyst complications develop, administration of pain medication is all the treatment that you will need to manage your ovarian cyst rupture condition.

The surgical method of treating ruptured ovarian cysts

There are times when complications develop after a cyst burst. Excessive bleeding is a common complication. It usually results in cases where one has a pre-existing condition that keeps the initial bleeding from stopping. According to Hopkins Medicine, a blood transfusion will form part of your treatment if the bleeding that results from the cyst burst is excessive.

Infections can also result from ruptured ovarian cysts. This is a common complication that occurs because of the fluid that the cysts release after they rupture. When the cysts’ contents are released into your reproductive system, they can encourage infections, that may then complicate your ovarian cyst rupture condition.

To help stay the devastating effects that these and other complications can have on your body, your doctor may have to perform surgery as part of your ruptured ovarian cyst treatment.

ovarian cyst rupture burst ovaries

What Types Of Ovarian Cysts Rupture? – Here Is What You Should Know

An ovarian cyst rupture is a condition in which a cyst’s sac tears, releasing its contents. This condition is painful, with a sharp abdominal pain being the most common symptom. It is also characterized by a vaginal discharge. This discharge usually occurs as the contents of the cyst escape from the pelvic cavity.

While most ovarian cyst rupture incidences are usually uneventful, save for the pain and the discharge, there are times when complications can lead to severe symptoms. The discharge that results from the cyst burst can cause internal infections to develop. A rupture can cause bleeding that can get out of hand. Shock and circulatory collapse can also occur.

Given the seriousness of the symptoms that come with ruptured ovarian cysts, it is advisable that you know as much as you can about this condition. Why? So that you can be prepared in case you end up with a cyst burst. Knowing what types of cysts are more likely to rupture is a step in the right direction.

Large ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts develop in the ovaries. This is a crowded space. And as the cyst grows, it will need more and more space. The lack of enough room for the cyst to grow will therefore increase pressure on the cyst. With time, this pressure may increase to a point where it causes the ovarian cyst’s sac to burst, releasing its contents.

However, it is important to note that while larger cysts are more likely to burst than smaller cyst, this is not always the case. Why? Because there are other factors that influence a cyst’s susceptibility to leading to ovarian cyst rupture.

Ovarian cysts with weak sacs

One such factor is hormonal imbalance. Why? Because hormones play a large role in determining the structure and overall well-being of the female reproductive structure. Hormonal fluctuations are responsible not only for the formation of ovarian cysts, but also for the nature of the cysts.

Therefore, if the imbalance within your body creates a cyst with a weak sac, such a cyst will be at a higher risk of rupturing.

Rapidly growing ovarian cysts

An ovarian cyst can also rupture if the rate at which the ovarian cyst fills with fluid is faster. This is because the resultant increase in fluid may be too much for the sac to keep up with, something that may then make the cyst to burst even when it is relatively small.

Factors independent of cyst characteristics

While the rate at which an ovarian cyst grows, the strength of its sac and its size play a role in determining the likelihood of it rupturing, there are external factors that can significantly tip the scale to the side of ruptured ovarian cysts. One of the most common ones is physical trauma. This usually happens in cases where one gets involved in strenuous activity such as sex and intense exercise. In such cases, the force / pressure that results from such activities can literally force the ovarian cyst to rupture.

ruptured ovarian cysts symptoms signs treatment pelvic abdominal pain

What Are The Types Of Pain Associated With Ruptured Ovarian Cysts? – Symptoms

One of the most common symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture is pain. Question is: what type of pain will you experience when you have a cyst burst? And also, why exactly do you feel pain when you have a ruptured cyst?

What type of pain do you experience after an ovarian cyst rupture?

Pelvic pain

A sharp pelvic pain tops the list. However, not everybody with a ruptured cyst experiences this type of pain. For some, the pain is dull and continuous. For others, even though it may be sharp, it is intermittent. While others simply experience severe pain continuously that may also be accompanied by internal bleeding — this is according to Healthline.

According to Medicinenet, cyst burst -generated pain has a habit of starting from one side and then suddenly overcoming a person’s body.

Irritation

According to Jason James, M.D., medical director at Miami’s FemCare Ob-Gyn, the bleeding that results from an ovarian cyst rupture can cause irritation especially when blood accumulates in your pelvic cavity. This may then lead to common ovarian cyst symptoms such as nausea and bloating.

Of course, this irritation may then lead to severe complications. This will be the case if the discharged fluid fails to get drained through the vagina as it will eventually encourage infections that may also lead to severe pain.

Pain during sex

Most cases of ovarian cyst rupture usually occur during strenuous activity. Sex is a strenuous activity. Therefore, if you experience pain while having sex, your cyst has likely ruptured. See a doctor immediately.

Abdominal pain

This is an ovarian cyst rupture symptom that Medscape lists as a common one. According to the medical website, one should suspect an ovarian cyst rupture especially if the abdominal pain occurs immediately after sex, exercise or any other strenuous activity that is likely to trigger a cyst burst.

Why is an ovarian cyst rupture painful?

For the answer to this question, we turn to Radiopaedia. According to medical website, there are three main reasons why ovarian cyst ruptures are usually as painful as they are. The first has to do with the stretching of the ovary’s capsule during the rupture. The second has to do with the amount of irritation that the release of the cystic fluid causes. The third and last reason has to do with the fact that during a rupture, the ovarian pedicle is usually torqued.

Is pain the only symptom of ruptured ovarian cysts?

No. Normally, pain is usually accompanied by a number of symptoms such as nausea, bloating and abnormal vaginal bleeding. There are also cases where some have a cyst burst without experiencing any severe pain. It all varies from person to person.

ovarian cyst rupture tips treatments and cures

What Happens When An Ovarian Cyst Ruptures?

Ovarian cysts rupture because of strenuous activities such as exercise and sex. They also rupture because of hormonal fluctuations. And also when they become too large. Question is: what happens after a cyst bursts? Here is what you should know about what to expect in case you end up with a ruptured ovarian cyst.

You will feel pain

When a cyst ruptures, a sharp abdominal / pelvic pain is the first thing you will notice. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.

However, it is also possible for the pain to be dull instead of sharp. There are also rare incidences where a cyst burst isn’t accompanied by any pain. In short, the pain symptom usually varies from woman to woman.

You will experience abnormal vaginal bleeding

A cyst burst is usually associated with some form of vaginal discharge. This is due to the fact that when a cyst ruptures, it usually releases its contents. This content, usually a fluid, then finds its way out of the female reproductive system through the vaginal opening. This is what manifests as a vaginal discharge. It sometimes also seems like a dark brown chocolate-like bleeding mainly because some cysts contain blood.

The nature of the discharge will vary

Because different cysts contain different materials, the nature of this discharge usually varies from case to case. This includes variations in the color of the discharge. For example, when a chocolate cyst ruptures, it is likely to lead to a dark brown discharge. The color of the discharge will be different from that of other types of ovarian cysts.

The amount of discharge also varies

Since the vaginal discharge that results from an ovarian cyst rupture depends on the contents of the cyst, the amount of discharge will also vary. Why? Because cysts usually occur in different sizes. Large cysts will result in a larger discharge. Smaller cysts will cause little to negligible discharge — that is, generally.

You will be under the threat of ovarian cyst rupture complications

If you notice any symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts, you should immediately pay a visit to a doctor. Why? Because there are times when a simple cyst burst causes complications that turn life-threatening.

For example, the discharge that is released after the cyst bursts can lead to internal infections. These infections can not only spread, but also cause scarring that may then lead to infertility.

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for your blood to clot, any bleeding that results from the rupture can get out of control. The excessive blood loss that results can then put your life in danger.

ovarian cyst rupture causes

Can Exercise Cause An Ovarian Cyst Rupture? Here’s The Answer

A sharp pelvic pain is a common sign of an ovarian cyst rupture. This, in addition to other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain and nausea, is usually an indication that you need to seek the immediate attention of a doctor.

However, the question is, what usually causes ovarian cyst rupture? Can exercise cause your ovarian cysts to rupture? And if so, does it mean that avoiding exercising is a foolproof way of preventing the devastating effects of having ruptured ovarian cysts?

Question: Can exercise cause an ovarian cyst to rupture?

Answer: Yes

Why does exercise cause an ovarian cyst to rupture?

Exercise is a strenuous activity. And in most cases, it usually involves the straining of the abdominal and pelvic muscles.

What this means is that every time you exercise, you directly or indirectly apply pressure on the cyst. And given that an ovarian cyst is simply a fluid-filled sac, this pressure sometimes causes the sac to burst.

What are the common ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms?

Vaginal discharge

When the sac bursts, it usually releases the contents of the cyst. These contents usually escape through the vagina, making abnormal vaginal discharge a common symptom of a burst cyst.

It is important to note that the color of this vaginal discharge usually varies. This is because different cysts have different contents. For example, if the ovarian cyst that has ruptured has dark brown contents, it will cause a dark brown vaginal discharge.

Pain

The rupturing of an ovarian cyst is usually accompanied by pain. This pain can be sharp and intermittent. It can also be dull and continuous.

Generally, it will vary depending on the type of ovarian cyst rupture, the type of cyst, existing hormonal balance and the person.

Severe complications

Severe complications can also develop from a cyst rupture. Some of the severe symptoms associated with cyst bursts include anemia due to excessive blood loss, life-threatening infections and shock.

This is one of the main reasons why it is always advisable that you see a doctor as soon as you notice any ovarian cyst rupture symptom.

Is avoiding exercise the key to avoiding ovarian cyst rupture?

While avoiding strenuous exercise is a good way of minimizing the risks of a cyst burst, it’s not foolproof. This is because ovarian cysts burst for different reasons.

They can burst simply because they have become too large to be contained by the sac. They can rupture because of hormonal changes. They can also rupture because of any other strenuous activity such as sex. And can also rupture just because — doctors don’t know the exact reason why ruptured ovarian cysts occur.

 

ruptured ovarian cysts and sex

Can Sex Cause An Ovarian Cyst Rupture?

Being told that you have a cyst in your ovaries can be scary. The only thing that can top it is being told that you have ruptured ovarian cysts.

The symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture vary from mild pain to sharp unbearable pelvic and abdominal pains. The effects of an ovarian cyst burst also vary from those that don’t require the intervention of a doctor to those that require immediate surgical intervention.

The only good news is that while the presence of ovarian cysts in your reproductive system — and their subsequent rupturing — can be dangerous, it is rarely so. In fact, in most cases, all that one needs is to be put under observation by a doctor.

Sex and ruptured ovarian cysts

Knowing what causes an ovarian cyst rupture is sometimes key to preventing it from happening. And the question as to whether sex can cause this ovarian cyst complication is one that has bothered most. In this post, that is what is going to be discussed.Painful sex causes

Can sexual intercourse cause an ovarian cyst to burst?

Answer: Yes. Sexual intercourse can cause an ovarian cyst to rupture.

According to Saint Luke’s Health, sexual activity is one of the most common causes of ovarian cyst rupture. They list it in the same category as strenuous activities such as exercise. This is because both sex and exercise usually apply pressure to the abdominal and pelvic region. And just like exerting pressure on a balloon can cause it to burst, exerting pressure or putting strain on the muscles surrounding the ovarian cyst will cause it to rupture — this is exactly what sexual intercourse does.

Minimizing the risk of ovarian cyst rupture during sex

However, it is important to note that strenuous activities such as sexual intercourse are not the only causes of ovarian cyst rupture. Factors such as the type of the cyst, hormonal imbalance and the cyst becoming too large for the sac, can also cause the cyst to rupture.

What this means is that while keeping away from sex can minimize the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst, it is no way a foolproof method of avoiding a cyst burst.

Also, given the fact that it is the strenuousness of sex that triggers the rupture, it is possible to minimize the risks of this complication by taking advantage of sexual positions that do not exert a lot of pressure on both your abdomen and pelvic regions.

Importance of seeing a doctor after an ovarian cyst rupture

If your cyst ruptures during sexual intercourse or during any other strenuous activity, you are likely to feel a sharp pain in either the pelvic or the abdominal region. Abnormal vaginal bleeding and other symptoms of a cyst burst may also follow.

In such cases, seeking the immediate attention of a doctor is a must. This is because while it is possible that all you may need is to be put under observation, there is always the real danger of the ovarian cyst rupture leading to uncontrolled bleeding, reproductive system infections and shock — that is according to Medscape.

However, if the symptoms are not extreme, less drastic measures will work. Any of these ovarian cyst rupture treatment options will work.

cyst burst

4 Things To Know About Ovarian Cyst Rupture And Pain

Pain is one of the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts. But when the pain becomes extreme all of a sudden, chances are that you are not just experiencing a normal cyst symptom. Chances are that the cyst in your ovary has ruptured.

Extreme pain, which can be intermittent or continuous, is one of the most common and reliable symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture. And cyst ruptures are some of the most common causes of abdominal pain in women.

Ruptured ovarian cyst pain and pregnancy

This pain can be experienced by a woman who is pregnant – given that cysts can rupture during pregnancy. As a result, it can sometimes be a source of confusion especially when it happens during the early weeks of pregnancy. Why? Because the symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture usually mimic those of an ectopic pregnancy.

Both ectopic pregnancies and cyst bursts usually cause extreme pain. They are also in the habit of causing vaginal bleeding. Symptoms wise, it is usually hard to tell the difference between the two. This is however something that a simple ultrasound sound test can help solve.

ovarian cyst treatment tips

Why does ovarian cyst rupture cause pain.

Radiopaedia has an answer. It lists 3 possible reasons why the rupturing of an ovarian cyst can cause the excruciating pain that they are known for. Here they are:

  1. torquing of the ovarian pedicle
  2. stretching of the ovarian capsule
  3. peritoneal irritation caused by an ovarian cyst rupture leak causes

Other symptoms that may accompany cyst-burst-induced pain

The extreme pain that one feels may be accompanied by symptoms like:

1.Nausea and vomiting

2.Weakness, and

3.Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Treatment of ruptured ovarian cyst pain

Cyst ruptures that do not develop complications are easy to treat. For these, all a doctor has to do is put the woman under observation  – basically watching out for any signs of complications such as excessive bleeding and infections.

However, if the rupturing of  a cyst is accompanied by extreme pain, it may be necessary for the doctor to prescribe pain medication – even in cases where the cyst rupture incident is complications-free.

 

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