ovarian cyst rupture tips treatments and cures

What Happens When An Ovarian Cyst Ruptures?

Ovarian cysts rupture because of strenuous activities such as exercise and sex. They also rupture because of hormonal fluctuations. And also when they become too large. Question is: what happens after a cyst bursts? Here is what you should know about what to expect in case you end up with a ruptured ovarian cyst.

You will feel pain

When a cyst ruptures, a sharp abdominal / pelvic pain is the first thing you will notice. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.

However, it is also possible for the pain to be dull instead of sharp. There are also rare incidences where a cyst burst isn’t accompanied by any pain. In short, the pain symptom usually varies from woman to woman.

You will experience abnormal vaginal bleeding

A cyst burst is usually associated with some form of vaginal discharge. This is due to the fact that when a cyst ruptures, it usually releases its contents. This content, usually a fluid, then finds its way out of the female reproductive system through the vaginal opening. This is what manifests as a vaginal discharge. It sometimes also seems like a dark brown chocolate-like bleeding mainly because some cysts contain blood.

The nature of the discharge will vary

Because different cysts contain different materials, the nature of this discharge usually varies from case to case. This includes variations in the color of the discharge. For example, when a chocolate cyst ruptures, it is likely to lead to a dark brown discharge. The color of the discharge will be different from that of other types of ovarian cysts.

The amount of discharge also varies

Since the vaginal discharge that results from an ovarian cyst rupture depends on the contents of the cyst, the amount of discharge will also vary. Why? Because cysts usually occur in different sizes. Large cysts will result in a larger discharge. Smaller cysts will cause little to negligible discharge — that is, generally.

You will be under the threat of ovarian cyst rupture complications

If you notice any symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts, you should immediately pay a visit to a doctor. Why? Because there are times when a simple cyst burst causes complications that turn life-threatening.

For example, the discharge that is released after the cyst bursts can lead to internal infections. These infections can not only spread, but also cause scarring that may then lead to infertility.

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for your blood to clot, any bleeding that results from the rupture can get out of control. The excessive blood loss that results can then put your life in danger.

Ovarian cyst rupture causes, treatments, cures and symptoms

What Are The Causes Of Ruptured Ovarian Cysts?

So, what causes an ovarian cyst to rupture? Physical trauma for one. There is hormonal fluctuations. There is also the abnormal increase in size of the cyst. And sometimes, a cyst ruptures just because. Here is what you should know about ruptured ovarian cysts and why you can have them.

Ovarian cyst overview

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that is usually found in the ovaries. Why do they form in the ovaries? Because something, that doctors aren’t really sure of, goes wrong during the ovulation process. This is how you end up with functional cysts.

There are also other cysts that develop independent of the ovulation process. A dermoid ovarian cyst is a good example of such cysts. These cysts are usually known as nonfunctional cysts — their formation has no relation to the functioning of your reproductive system. And no, no one knows exactly why they develop.

To clearly understand what really causes a cyst to rupture, think of an ovarian cyst as a balloon that is filled with water. Generally, the things that can make the balloon burst are almost the same as those that can cause your ovarian cysts to rupture.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and physical trauma

Physical trauma simply entails any activity that will apply undue force or pressure on your ovarian cysts. Sex is a good example of a strenuous activity. Intense exercise is too. Any of these activities will cause the abdominal and pelvic muscles to apply a lot of pressure on the ovarian cyst, causing it to burst.

Going to the balloon example, if you squeeze the balloon really hard, it will burst. Same here.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and the effect of hormones

Hormones play a big role in how your reproductive system works. Hormonal imbalance is even listed as one of the main causes of not only the formation of ovarian cysts, but also the occurrence of ruptured ovarian cysts.

One way through which hormones can cause a cyst to burst is by having an effect on the toughness of the ovarian cyst’s wall. By making the sac, which is basically what holds the cyst’s contents, weak,, it can cause it to burst.

Going to the balloon example, if it happened that the balloon itself had defects that made it’s walls weak, the simple act of filling it with water can be enough to cause it to rupture. Also, hormones can cause the cyst to grow at an abnormal rate. The rate at which fluid accumulates in the sac may then overwhelm the sac, causing it to rupture.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and size

As an ovarian cyst grows, it occupies more and more space. The problem is that the space around your ovaries is limited. As a result, this increase in size will create a lot of pressure around the area. It is this pressure increase that then causes the ovarian cyst to rupture.

An increase in the size of an ovarian cyst can also cause cyst’s sac to overextend. With time, this may also lead to an ovarian cyst rupture.

ovarian cyst rupture treatment

10 Symptoms Of Ovarian Cyst Rupture Every Woman Needs To Know

A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.

There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.

1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom

However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain.  This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.

The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.

2. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.

3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.

Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?

Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.

But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so  mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.

As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.

The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms

Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:

4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause

5. Syncope

6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.

7. Shoulder tenderness

8. Septic shock

9. Hemorrhagic shock

10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape

Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.

ovarian cyst rupture causes

Why Do Ovarian Cysts Rupture?

A cyst burst usually comes with a host of nasty symptoms. There is the excruciating pain, the vaginal discharge, the looming possibility of an infection and the risk of the bleeding getting out of control. There are even cases where an innocent ovarian cyst rupture has led to death.

Question is: why do ovarian cysts rupture? What causes a cyst burst? What triggers it? And does understanding it hold the key of reducing the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst?

The key to understanding an ovarian cyst rupture lies in knowing what they really are. By definition, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that develops in or on the ovaries.

Fluid filled sac is what you should keep in mind. Think of it as a balloon filled with water. Why would such a balloon burst? If you can come up with any educated guesses as to why that might happen, you most likely have answered the question: why do ovarian cysts rupture.

Too much fluid in the cyst

What holds the contents of a cyst together is a thin membrane. An ovarian cyst usually grows when more and more fluid fills this membrane. Unfortunately, this does not always result in the membrane growing. And so, the more the cyst fills up with fluid, the more the pressure that the membrane is under. Eventually the resulting pressure just becomes too much to handle and the membrane tears up, releasing the fluid. And hence a full-blown ovarian cyst rupture.

Physical trauma and ruptured cysts

Most ruptured ovarian cyst cases usually begin when a woman is either having sexual intercourse, exercising or engaging in any strenuous sexual activity. This is because of the effect that these activities usually have on the cyst.

Strenuous activity, like sexual intercourse, usually applies pressure on the abdominal region. It usually causes the muscles to press against the cyst. And just like a balloon filled with water, when the pressure is too much, it bursts.

However, this effect isn’t limited to activities that a woman participates in. Any type of physical trauma, such as falling or getting hit in the abdominal region, can trigger a cyst burst.

Cysts that rupture for no reason at all

There are types when an ovarian cyst ruptures in spite of there being no physical trauma and no accumulation of fluid (growth of the cyst). It just happens. It may be because of a hormonal imbalance, genetics or who knows what. There are times when cysts, even ones which are not large cysts, just rupture for seemingly no logical reason.

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