ovarian cyst rupture ruptured and bursted

What Is An Ovarian Cyst Rupture? – An Introduction To What You Should Know

Ovarian Cyst Rupture Answers:

What does it mean when a doctor tells you that you have ruptured ovarian cysts? When are your cysts said to have bursted? And what exactly causes a cyst burst? Here are answers to these questions.

According to Mayo Clinic, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that grows in or on the ovaries.

So there is a sac, and then there is a fluid. A rupture is said to happen when the sac, which is practically the ovarian cyst’s container, bursts or tears. And when this happens, the cyst will release its contents. This is one of the main reasons why an ovarian cyst rupture is usually accompanied by a vaginal discharge.

An easy way of thinking about the ovarian cyst rupture process

Again, a sac and a fluid. Think of it like a balloon with water. And in this case, the balloon represents the sac. And water the fluid that is common in almost all ovarian cysts. The balloon is said to rupture when its walls can no longer hold the contents, causing it to release the water. Same thing with an ovarian cyst rupture.

The balloon example makes it easy to understand the causes of ovarian cyst rupture

Things that can cause a water-filled balloon to burst are almost the same as those that usually cause ovarian cyst rupture in women.

Physical trauma and ovarian cyst rupture

If you press on a balloon really hard, it will burst, causing it to release the water. Same thing happens with ovarian cysts, when physical pressure is applied on them, they tend to rupture. This is why strenuous physical activities such as sex and exercise are a leading cause of ruptured ovarian cysts.

Hormonal imbalance as a cause of ruptured ovarian cysts

On the other hand, if the balloon itself is made up of weak material, it can easily burst on its own. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If the sac that is holding the fluid is weak, chances of a cyst burst occurring are really high.

Also, if you increase the amount of water in the balloon, the balloon will grow in size. Chances of it bursting will also be high. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If it increases in size, the amount of pressure from this growth may be too much for the sac to handle. This can then lead to a cyst rupture.

In the female reproductive system, hormones control things like the strength of the sac and the rate at which the cyst grows. This makes hormonal balance a key factor in determining the risks of an ovarian cyst rupture and the symptoms associated with it.

symptoms of ovarian cysts, doctors, female reproductive system

Doctors Get It All Wrong, Again! They Miss Obvious Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

It is alarming how often doctors miss the signs of ovarian cysts. The symptoms of cysts on ovaries are quite straightforward, with things like pelvic pain and bloating of the abdomen leading the charge. And so when doctors miss these signs over the course of months, and sometimes even years, you are left scratching your head and wondering where their brains were when they were doing the diagnosis.

ovarian cyst treatment tips

Take the case of the 22 year old English woman who went from doctor to doctor, trying to find a doctor who could give her answers. Her symptoms? Abdominal pain and a weird feeling of fullness in the abdominal region – classic ovarian cyst symptoms.

It’s obesity, they said

And guess what was the first thing that her doctors jumped to? Obesity. They didn’t even bother to perform a simple ultrasound. They just went for it: you are fat, and that is what is to blame for the weird feeling in your abdomen.

It’s likely kidney stones, another one said

Lucky for her, she wasn’t satisfied with this answer. And so she resumed her doctor-bouncing escapades until she landed on one who had a brilliant idea. The doctor believed that kidney stones were to blame for all her troubles. He was dead wrong.

However, while this doctor’s hunch was a total miss, it turned out to be a blessing in disguise.

A simple ultrasound is all it took

To check for the kidney stones, the doctors performed an ultrasound scan. And that’s when they saw it.

A large growing ovarian cyst was right there, in her reproductive system. It was so huge that it literally filled her abdominal cavity. That was the cause of all her discomfort and all her pain. And what’s worse is that while doctors kept dismissing the woman’s symptoms as mere side effects of obesity, this ovarian cyst kept growing. It kept becoming larger and larger while the woman was being bounced around from doctor to doctor.

Cancerous ovarian cyst worry

Given that some ovarian cysts can be cancerous, the doctors who discovered it were worried. And so they did tests just to rule out ovarian cancer, something that might have complicated the ovarian cyst treatment process.

They did the tests. And luckily, her ovarian cyst was benign – noncancerous. Can you imagine how sad it would have been if it had been cancerous, and if the cancer had developed and spread while her doctors were still aiming for misses or dismissing what she felt?

ovarian cyst treatment tips

ovarian cyst rupture treatment

10 Symptoms Of Ovarian Cyst Rupture Every Woman Needs To Know

A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.

There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.

1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom

However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain.  This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.

The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.

2. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.

3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.

Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?

Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.

But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so  mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.

As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.

The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms

Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:

4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause

5. Syncope

6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.

7. Shoulder tenderness

8. Septic shock

9. Hemorrhagic shock

10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape

Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.

ovarian cyst rupture causes

Why Do Ovarian Cysts Rupture?

A cyst burst usually comes with a host of nasty symptoms. There is the excruciating pain, the vaginal discharge, the looming possibility of an infection and the risk of the bleeding getting out of control. There are even cases where an innocent ovarian cyst rupture has led to death.

Question is: why do ovarian cysts rupture? What causes a cyst burst? What triggers it? And does understanding it hold the key of reducing the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst?

The key to understanding an ovarian cyst rupture lies in knowing what they really are. By definition, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that develops in or on the ovaries.

Fluid filled sac is what you should keep in mind. Think of it as a balloon filled with water. Why would such a balloon burst? If you can come up with any educated guesses as to why that might happen, you most likely have answered the question: why do ovarian cysts rupture.

Too much fluid in the cyst

What holds the contents of a cyst together is a thin membrane. An ovarian cyst usually grows when more and more fluid fills this membrane. Unfortunately, this does not always result in the membrane growing. And so, the more the cyst fills up with fluid, the more the pressure that the membrane is under. Eventually the resulting pressure just becomes too much to handle and the membrane tears up, releasing the fluid. And hence a full-blown ovarian cyst rupture.

Physical trauma and ruptured cysts

Most ruptured ovarian cyst cases usually begin when a woman is either having sexual intercourse, exercising or engaging in any strenuous sexual activity. This is because of the effect that these activities usually have on the cyst.

Strenuous activity, like sexual intercourse, usually applies pressure on the abdominal region. It usually causes the muscles to press against the cyst. And just like a balloon filled with water, when the pressure is too much, it bursts.

However, this effect isn’t limited to activities that a woman participates in. Any type of physical trauma, such as falling or getting hit in the abdominal region, can trigger a cyst burst.

Cysts that rupture for no reason at all

There are types when an ovarian cyst ruptures in spite of there being no physical trauma and no accumulation of fluid (growth of the cyst). It just happens. It may be because of a hormonal imbalance, genetics or who knows what. There are times when cysts, even ones which are not large cysts, just rupture for seemingly no logical reason.

risks of dermoid ovarian cyst recurrence in the ovaries - female reproductive system complications

What is the Likelihood of Dermoid Ovarian Cysts Returning? Answers

Dermoid cysts, also known as ovarian teratomas, can grow back after removal. It doesn’t really matter what type of surgery you opt for. These cystic growths can return to haunt you later on. But the question is: what are the chances of the cysts growing in your ovaries?

The risks of dermoid cyst recurrence

While there is a possibility of suffering a second or third round of dermoid cyst attack, studies show that the chances of this happening are very slim. This files this ovarian cyst complication under yes-it-is-possible-but-unlikely.

This case report in BioMed Central states that the risk of recurrence of ovarian teratomas, another name for dermoid ovarian cysts, is 4.2%. This is quite low. And possibly a good reason for women who have successfully gotten rid of their cysts not to worry.

Can birth control pills help to lower the chances of dermoid cysts coming back?

No they can’t.

Birth control pills usually come in handy in the management of ovarian cysts because they can stop ovulation. Since some cysts usually form in the course of a woman’s menstrual cycle, it is believed that stopping ovulation can be a good way of preventing ovarian cysts from developing in the female reproductive system.

However, various studies show that while most doctors advocate for birth control pills as a way to manage the growth and symptoms of ovarian cysts, these pills rarely have an effect on the rate of growth of cysts on ovaries. They are also not effective in shrinking ovarian cysts.

Birth control pills have no chance of success against dermoid ovarian cysts

Leading medical publications point out that birth control pills can be effective in preventing the growth of new ovarian cysts. Well, not really prevent, but more of reduce the risks of new ovarian cysts developing.

And while this may be true, it doesn’t really help when it comes to preventing new dermoid ovarian cysts from developing in a woman’s ovaries.

Why? Because birth control pills may only work on ovarian cysts that develop in the course of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Those that come about when something goes wrong during ovulation or immediately after. These cysts are called functional cysts – they are so called because their development is dependent on the functioning of the female reproductive system.

Dermoid cysts don’t grow because of menstruation, ovulation or any of the activities that go on in the female reproductive system. They develop when a germ cell gets trapped in the ovaries. This is something that has nothing to do with the hormonal fluctuations of the menstrual cycle.

What this means is that birth control pills don’t really have a chance when it comes to preventing the formation of dermoid ovarian cysts.

Preventing dermoid ovarian cyst return – what may work

We are what we eat. And we are how we live.

Lifestyle choices and eating habits play a large role in determining how well our bodies function. Better lifestyle choices and healthy diets can therefore help to reduce the risks of dermoid ovarian cyst formation.

Doctors don’t really know what causes dermoid ovarian cysts to form – what causes that germ cell to develop in the ovaries in the first place. They therefore cannot prescribe a pill or any medication that works with certainty.

Surgery is effective when it comes to removing dermoid ovarian cysts – don’t let me get started on why surgical removal of ovarian cysts is a bad idea. Surgical removal of dermoid ovarian cysts doesn’t however reduce the risks of another cyst forming. Why? Because it doesn’t deal with the root cause of the problem.

When it comes to reducing the risks of demoid cysts returning, your best chance seems to lie with working with your body. It lies with giving your body the best tools to fight against the development of abnormal growths in the ovaries. Relying on natural methods of preventing ovarian cysts seems to be the only winning bet. And it is the only one worth making.

dermoid ovarian cyst prevention

ovarian teratoma and conception pregnancy complications

Can a dermoid ovarian cyst cause infertility?

Dermoid cysts sometimes grow in the ovaries. And given that ovaries play a central role when it comes to conception, the question that every woman with the cysts asks is: can dermoid ovarian cysts affect their ability to get pregnant? And, do they affect pregnancy?

Normal dermoid ovarian cysts and infertility

Do dermoid ovarian cysts cause infertility?

Dermoid cysts are usually small. They also grow slowly. This makes for cystic growths whose presence is rarely noticed by the female reproductive system. It is for this reason that these cysts on ovaries tend to be asymptomatic – rarely cause ovarian cyst symptoms – and are often discovered incidentally.

Given the fact that they are usually too small to bother the functioning of a woman’s reproductive system, there is really no reason to assume that they can cause infertility or make it harder for a woman to get pregnant.

According to Mayo Clinic, in an article by Mary M. Gallenberg, M.D., ” … dermoid cysts aren’t associated with infertility.” The only exception provided being cases where the cysts on ovaries become very large.

In a study reported in the American Academy of Family Physicians, 32% of the women in the study managed to get pregnant in spite of having dermoid cysts in their ovaries. A significant number of women with dermoid cysts in their ovaries were also able to give birth in this study.

Therefore, normal dermoid cysts that don’t have accelerated growth, that don’t develop complications, and which are not cancerous – and therefore don’t require surgery – are not detrimental so far as getting pregnant is concerned.

Large dermoid cysts and getting pregnant

 

Can large ovarian cysts cause infertility?

There are times when dermoid ovarian cysts grow faster than usual. They can therefore become too large to go unnoticed. This will give rise to some of the symptoms generally associated with ovarian cysts. A woman with large dermoid cysts is therefore likely to experience most of  the symptoms of ovarian cysts like heaviness, abdominal/pelvic pain, breast tenderness and an increase in the frequency of the need to urinate.

But that is not all that a large dermoid cyst can do to the human body. When the cysts becomes too large, they affect the functioning of the reproductive system. They can form physical barriers that make it impossible for fertilization to take place or they can affect the functioning of the ovaries and sometimes even the entire female reproductive system.

Take the case of a 57 year old woman whose case was reported in the Journal of Medical Case Reports. She had a large ovarian cyst, but she didn’t know. And even when the cystic growth grew to such an extent that it caused her to have difficulty breathing and even increased her weight, she didn’t suspect a thing. It was only after paying a visit to the doctor that she realized the source of her discomfort and the damage that the large cyst had done. According to LiveScience, the ovarian cyst “… was so big that it had shoved her uterus to the side, squished her abdominal contents and extended all the way up to her diaphragm.”

Her’s was an extreme case. And the cyst on her ovary wasn’t a dermoid cyst. And her’s is also an extreme and extra-rare case of large ovarian cysts. But it gives you a sense of the damage that ovarian cysts, including dermoid cysts, can do to the human body when they grow out of control.

 

Dermoid ovarian torsion and infertility

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

Ovarian torsion, which is a fancy word for the twisting of the ovaries, is the most common complication in women with dermoid cysts. So, can it affect the ability of a woman to conceive?

What ovarian torsion does is that it restricts blood flow to the ovaries. This means that at the onset of this complication, oxygen and nutrient supply to ovarian tissues is usually limited. Over time, this can lead to damaged ovarian tissues. It can also cause a woman’s ovary to completely die.

Ovaries produce the eggs that are needed for conception. They are also responsible for the production of pregnancy hormones. Therefore, if you have a damaged ovary in your reproductive system, the chances of getting pregnant will significantly reduce. This complication will cause difficulty in getting pregnant.

Dermoid ovarian cyst rupture and infertility

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

There is a 1-4% risk of a dermoid ovarian cyst rupturing. This is a serious condition that usually demands immediate medical attention because in addition to the severe abdominal and pelvic pain that results from the cyst burst, there is also an increased risk of infection. This usually occurs because of the fluid that is released into the female reproductive system after the rupture.

This infection can lead to many complications. Some of them can cause getting pregnant problems. For example, if the infection causes scarring, it may end up blocking the fallopian tubes. This may make it impossible for conception to occur. Scarring may also lead to pregnancy complications. An ectopic pregnancy is one of these.

Dermoid cysts, ovarian cancer and infertility

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

If traces of cancerous cells are detected in a dermoid ovarian cyst, removal of the cyst on ovary may be necessary. And to avoid the spread of the cancer, doctors may also decide to remove the ovaries.

If the surgical removal of a woman’s ovary is necessary to avoid the spread of cancer cells, then this will reduce her chances of getting pregnant. If both ovaries are removed, then this may lead to permanent infertility.

This does not however mean that every case of dermoid ovarian cyst malignancy needs to end with the infertility. It is possible to remove dermoid cysts that show signs of cancer without damaging the ovaries.

Surgical removal of dermoid ovarian cysts and infertility

 

This may be necessary in cases where the ovarian teratoma is growing out of control. It may also be necessary in order to prevent the spread of cancer to other parts of the female reproductive system. Some of the rare complications of dermoid ovarian cysts may also make this necessary.

Whichever the case, surgical removal of the cystic growths puts your fertility at risk.

Doubled risk of infertility because of dermoid cysts

Dermoid ovarian cysts have a tendency of growing in both ovaries – at least in 10-15% of the cases. This puts both ovaries at risk when any of the above complications arise.

Answer to: Can a dermoid cyst cause infertility?

ovarian teratoma and pregnancy

The answer is: yes it can.

But this is not always the case.

It only does so when it grows to such an extent that it starts interfering with the functioning of the female reproductive system. Or when complications arise.

Most ovarian teratomas (dermoid cysts) are small in size. The risks of complications arising because of the cysts are slim. Therefore, if you have dermoid ovarian cysts, the odds are in your favor.There is a good chance that you can still get pregnant.

natural prevention cure for cancerous dermoid cysts

teratomas, monster cysts, dermoid ovarian cysts

Dermoid Ovarian Cysts By The Numbers – Who it affects, How Common They Are And The Risks Of Serious Complications

Dermoid ovarian cysts, also called cystic teratomas, affect a woman’s ovaries. They are unusual in that unlike most cysts that only contain fluids, these cysts usually contain fully formed tissues of the skin, thyroid, eyes, hair and even bones. This is one of the reason that they are sometimes referred to as monster cysts.

MedicineNet, Radiopaedia and MedScape have interesting statistics on these types of ovarian cysts. Here is a summary of the interesting bits.

30 yrs

This is the average age of the people that are most affected by ovarian cyst teratomas.

15%

The percentage of women with dermoid cysts who end up having the cysts in both ovaries. This usually complicates things. If ovarian torsion occurs in both ovaries, then the risks of infertility increase.

45cm/17inches

The general maximum diameter of dermoid ovarian cysts. Of course this doesn’t mean that there aren’t ovarian teratomas that exceed 17 inches. There is always room for outliers.

20yrs

Dermoid cysts are the most common type of cysts found in women under 20 years.

98%

This is the percentage of cystic teratomas that are benign – that is noncancerous dermoid cysts. That leaves about 2% of dermoid ovarian cysts that develop signs of cancer.

1831

This is the year that the term dermoid cyst was first used in a book. Actually, the actual terms that was used was “kyste dermoid”. And No, it wasn’t in relation to human ovarian cysts. The term was used by Leblanc. He used it when describing a lesion that he had found in a horse’s skull.

1863

The year that dermoid ovarian cysts first got the cystic teratoma name. Teratoma is a word that was derived from the Greek word teras which essentially means monster. It was first used by a person called Virchow in his book about tumors.

3-16%

Ovarian teratomas are notorious for causing ovarian torsion – twisting of the ovaries. It is estimated that about 16% of dermoid ovarian cyst cases usually end up with ovarian torsion complications.

This is a potentially life-threatening complication that is usually signaled by sharp pelvic or ovarian pain. It is a condition that may also make it difficult for women to get pregnant.

1-4%

This is the percentage of dermoid cyst cases that result in ovarian cyst rupture.

30%

Not all cystic teratomas end up with fully formed organ structures. But a significant number does. Studies put the number at 30%.

ovarian cyst symptoms, cure, remedies, natural treatments

ovarian cyst, dermoid cysts and mental health

Mental Illness As A Symptom Of Dermoid Ovarian Cysts – A Woman’s True Story

It is a well-accepted fact that ovarian cysts are not dangerous – at least most of the time. Nothing makes this clearer than the fact that although they are common in women, very few women ever realize that they have them. Why? Because in most cases, ovarian cysts usually appear and disappear without interfering with a woman’s reproductive system.

But there are times when cysts on ovaries decide to be horrible guests. They not only overstay but also do all they can to make a woman’s life miserable. They can cause serious symptoms such as ovarian pain, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, infertility and pain during sex.  And now it turns out that they can also cause mental illness.cyst on ovary and mental health

Ovarian cysts causing hallucinations?

 

Yes.

Cysts in the ovaries can mess with your brain.

Granted, this is not a common ovarian cyst symptom. But it is a symptom that can occur in some extreme cases. And thanks to a Monsters Inside Me episode, there is a documented case of a woman who was admitted to hospital because of hallucinations that were caused by ovarian cysts.

The case

It all started with Kiera Echol being rushed to hospital. Her family was hopeful that the doctors could help them deal with the psychiatric disease that had suddenly held their daughter captive.

But four weeks in, nothing seemed to work. Her hallucinations were getting worse by the day and the doctors had no clue what was actually happening.

For her mother, it was devastating. Her daughter was endlessly screaming. And there was nothing she could do except watch as her daughter sunk deeper and deeper into what was then an unknown hole. It was frightening.

But when the doctors finally carried out tests on her spinal fluid, they found something interesting. The antibodies in the sample revealed that what they had in their hands was far from a psychiatric case.

They discovered that the main cause of the hallucinations was an ovarian teratoma that had developed in her ovaries.

Understanding dermoid ovarian cysts/ ovarian teratoma

According to Radiopaedia.org, you can use either dermoid ovarian cyst or mature cystic teratoma to describe the type of cysts that caused the hallucinations.

In a nutshell, these are cystic growths that contain cells that can develop into almost any body part. It is this characteristic that is to blame for dermoid ovarian cysts having a reputation of containing skin tissues, teeth, parts of organs, bone, fat, blood, thyroid tissue, nails and even eyes.

What actually happened in this case

ovarian cyst symptoms mental health hallucinations

The undifferentiated cells (cells that can develop into anything) in her dermoid ovarian cysts didn’t end up forming teeth or hair or skin. They formed  brain cells.

Her body found that unusual. And so it went on attack mode. Her immune system therefore produced antibodies to go get rid of the teratoma.

And that’s where the problem arose. For the immune system to get rid of the growth in her ovaries, it had to send antibodies that have specific instructions on what type of cells to destroy. This means that the antibodies that her immune system ended up releasing are ones designed to destroy brain cells – remember the teratoma has brain cells?

The antibodies travel through the blood stream. They are all on a teratoma-destroying mission. However, when they reach her brain, they find the same type of cells that they are supposed to destroy. They have their ‘’hey, wait a minute moment” which ends up with them attacking her brain.

That is what caused her hallucinations. Not some weird psychiatric condition.

It is a rare ovarian cyst symptom

Dermoid ovarian cysts are rare.

Dermoid ovarian cysts that end up with brain cells are even rarer.

Therefore, if you have ovarian cysts, the chances of you going mental are very slim.

Common ovarian cyst symptoms

They might cause your abdomen to bloat, bleeding between periods, pelvic pain and a host of other discomforts. But hallucinations? Well, that is a long shot. Although it doesn’t necessarily mean that it can’t happen.

ovarian cyst symptoms, cure, remedies, natural treatments

 

 

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