ovarian cyst symptoms

8 Types of Changes That Ovarian Cysts Can Cause – Signs and Symptoms

Ovarian cysts do more than cause pain and discomfort. They can also cause changes in your body. Some of the changes that they cause are easily visible. Some are not. Some can occur at the same time while others occur on their own.

It’s true that there are women with cysts in their ovaries who never experience any of these changes. However, it pays to know about these ovarian cyst symptoms as it can come in handy in helping in the early detection of ovarian cysts. This will eventually help to reduce the risks of ovarian cyst complications.

Causes of ovarian cyst induced changes

Most of the changes that ovarian cysts cause have to do with the increasing size of a cyst in a woman’s body, where the cyst grows so large that it pushes against tissues and adjacent organs to such an extent that the effect of this pushing and shoving becomes visible.

However, some of the changes caused by ovarian cysts have to do with their effect on the hormonal balance in a woman’s body. For example, Hopkins Medicine blames the unusual hair growth symptom of ovarian cysts on the increased production of masculinizing hormones -triggered by ovarian cysts.

1. Increase in urination frequency

This is a symptom of ovarian cysts that occurs when a large cyst presses against the bladder. It has two effects: it reduces the holding capacity of the bladder and also makes it impossible for one to completely empty her bladder.

By reducing the bladder’s capacity, ovarian cysts guarantee that your bladder will fill up quickly. And by inhibiting the bladder-emptying process, it further accelerates the bladder-filling process since even after going to the loo, there will always be less space left in your bladder. All this adds up to a continuous need to empty your bladder at smaller and smaller intervals. The growth of the cyst only makes things worse.

2. Excessive bleeding during menstruation

Women with ovarian cysts sometimes experience heavier-than-normal bleeding during their periods. And sometimes, it’s not just heavier. The bleeding sometimes goes on for a longer period than what one is used to.

Since the menstrual cycle is a process that is largely controlled by hormones, and since hormones produced by the ovaries play a significant process in controlling this process, these changes can be blamed on the hormonal-imbalance effect  that ovarian cysts have on the female body

3. Irregular bleeding

Some women experience changes in the timing department of their menstrual cycles. Some experience their periods earlier while for others, their periods take longer than necessary. There are also times when ovarian cysts can cause unexpected light vaginal spotting. This can be very frustrating because you may never know when the bleeding will start.

4. Unexplained weight gain

This is a symptom of ovarian cysts that may be blamed on the hormonal imbalance that comes with the onset of ovarian cysts. However, there are cases where the increase in weight is caused by the sheer weight of the cystic mass growing in the ovaries. Cases of extremely large cysts are a good example.

5. Difficulty getting pregnant

Normally, ovarian cysts don’t interfere with a woman’s ability to get pregnant. The growth of the cyst and the onset of ovarian cyst complications can however make conception difficult. This is so especially in cases where ovarian torsion and ovarian cyst rupture occur.

Ovarian torsion is a condition that is characterized by the twisting of ovarian cysts. This twisting can restrict blood supply to the ovaries, something that may lead to death of ovarian tissues. If this condition leads to the destruction of an ovary, a woman will only have one ovary to rely on. This can reduce the chances of conception.

Ovarian cyst rupture on the other hand has several effects. In the case of an endometrioid cyst, a cyst burst will release the contents of the cyst. This will then cause endometrial tissues to start developing on different parts of the female reproductive system. It can lead to scarring of the uterus, blockage of the fallopian tube and many other complications that can make fertilization difficult.

A cyst burst can also lead to damage of the ovaries. And even if it doesn’t do so directly, it can expose the ovaries to the risks that come with surgery, something that can lead to conception complications.

6. Painful periods

WebMD explains the why some women experience painful periods. According to an article reviewed by Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH, the pain usually occurs as a result of uterine contractions. These contractions cause the uterine muscles to press against blood vessels, cutting off blood supply to some muscles. This is what causes the pain.

Now, not all women experience painful periods. But given that on ovarian cyst is an unwanted mass that takes up space in the reproductive system, it is easy to see why the effects of uterine contractions can cause more pain. With cysts taking up space, even the slightest contractions of the uterine walls can cut off blood supply to the uterine muscles. A woman who wouldn’t have experienced the pain therefore experiences it because of the “congestion” caused by ovarian cysts.

7. Infertility

It is possible for ovarian cysts to cause permanent infertility in women. It maybe as a result of the effect of a necessary – to remove the cyst and prevent further complications – surgical procedure . It can also be as a direct consequence of ovarian cyst complications.

The rupture of an endometrioid ovarian cyst can lead to the total blockage of the fallopian tubes. It can also lead to infections that may end up causing irreparable damage to the female reproductive system. And in cases where cysts develop on both ovaries, ovarian torsion can cause the destruction of both ovaries, leading to permanent infertility.

These are extremely rare ovarian cyst complications. But that is not to say that they cannot develop.

8. Increased hair growth

The hair growth usually occurs in the face, although other parts of the body aren’t immune to this ovarian cyst symptom. As mentioned above, Hopkins Medicine attributes this change to an increase in the production of masculinizing hormones – an effect of the presence of cysts in the ovaries.

Want to learn more about ovarian cysts? Grab this

 

large cyst

Large Ovarian Cyst Symptoms – The Case Of A Woman With A 90 Pound Cyst In Her Ovaries

What are the symptoms of large ovarian cysts? And how bad can the symptoms really get?

A case that was documented in the Journal of Medical Case Reports, and which LiveScience reported, could clue us in on what reality holds for women with cysts in their ovaries.

However, you should note that not every ovarian cyst grows into a 90-pound monster. And in most cases, ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms. This case is therefore not the norm. But that doesn’t mean that it isn’t true or that ovarian cysts can’t grow to as large a size as this woman’s did.

The woman, who was 58 years old, lived with the cyst for an extended period of time without knowing of its presence. All the symptoms that she experienced she filed them under growing-old problems. That was until she started gaining weight for unexplained reasons.

dermoid ovarian cyst prevention

When she went to the doctor, she was surprised to learn that not only did she have ovarian cysts, but also that the cysts were to blame for some of the discomfort and pain that she was experiencing.

Here are the symptoms/signs/effects of the large ovarian cyst that was in her ovaries.

Increased waistline

The woman noticed that her waistline was increasing. And for no apparent reason.

She hadn’t changed her eating habits. And her general lifestyle was still the same.

The increase in her waistline is what prompted her to visit a doctor. It is what led to the discovery of the huge cyst.

Heaviness in the stomach

The heaviness that this woman was feeling was literal. She was carrying 90 pound of excess foreign weight in her body.

According to the doctors who operated on her, the discomfort that she had was largely due to the effect that the large cyst had on her stomach. They noted that the cyst had “squished the contents of her stomach.”

Difficulty breathing

The space that her reproductive system had occupied wasn’t enough for the ovarian cyst. It had grown so large that it had pushed against her diaphragm. And since the diaphragm plays an important process in the breathe-in / breathe-out process of the respiratory system, this caused her to have breathing problems – her breathing was shallow.

Displaced uterus effect

As her cyst grew, it needed more and more space. And so it took more and more space, not caring whom it took it from.

As after-surgery medical results showed, her uterus also fell victim to the rapid expansion ambitions of the large cyst. It got displaced. And as you would imagine, this definitely would have had an effect on her fertility had she been young enough to get pregnant.

Ovarian cancer

To be clear, ovarian cancer is not a symptom of ovarian cysts. It’s just that cysts sometimes develop cancerous cells. As did this woman’s.

Lucky for her, the signs of cancerous ovarian cysts were detected early enough. She therefore received treatment on time and was later declared to have fully recovered from the cancer attack.

Results/Effects of the large ovarian cysts and related treatment

By the time the woman had gotten rid of her ovarian cysts and by the time she had undergone the treatments necessary to make her whole again, the woman had gathered a couple of battle scars.

She had lost her uterus, her fallopian tubes and her lymph nodes. The good thing was that she made it through alive.

dermoid ovarian cyst prevention

signs and symptoms of cystic growths in the ovaries -reproductive system

27 Ovarian Cyst Symptoms Every Woman Needs to Know

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts? Can they affect your weight? Can they mess with your menstrual periods? Do they cause pain during sex? How about after sex? If I experience pain after sex, does it still fall under ovarian cyst symptoms? And is it true that ovarian cysts can sometimes affect the rate at which a person’s hair grows?

Questions about ovarian cyst symptoms abound. And it’s not that people are clueless when it comes to the signs of ovarian cysts. It’s just that the information is all over the place.

dermoid ovarian cyst prevention

Yes, almost every leading online medical website has information on the symptoms. The only problem is that the lists of the symptoms are never exhaustive. And so you ask yourself: if WebMD, in an article reviewed by a doctor, lists only  8 symptoms of cysts on ovaries, what does it say about the other symptoms you have read about?

Instead of having to wonder. And instead of having to spend time digging through internet pages trying to find an exhaustive list or a place that can just answer one simple question: is what I am experiencing a symptom of ovarian cysts? And instead of trying to remember a place where you last saw a certain cyst on ovary symptom, read this list. It’s exhaustive.

The list has been compiled from the top online medical websites. We are talking about Mayo Clinic, WebMD, WomensHealth.Gov, Hopkins Medicine, Health Line, Medical News Today, MedicineNet, NIH.Gov, eMedicine Health and NHS.UK.

Here is the exhaustive list of ovarian cyst symptoms (all 27):

  1. Abdominal swelling ( a swollen tummy)
  2. Difficulty emptying your bowels / painful bowel movements
  3. Pelvic pain before or during menstrual cycle – may be persistent or intermittent- may range from a dull, heavy sensation to a sudden, severe and sharp pain; may start and stop; may occur after any strenuous activity
  4. Painful intercourse /sex – dyspareunia – for some women
  5. Pain and discomfort in the abdomen after sex
  6. Pain in the lower back – dull ache
  7. Breast tenderness
  8. Nausea
  9. Vomiting
  10. Fever
  11. Faintness or dizziness
  12. Rapid breathing
  13. Frequent need to urinate
  14. Feeling very full after only eating a little
  15. Difficulty getting pregnant
  16. Irregular menstrual periods
  17. Feeling of lower abdominal or pelvic pressure or fullness
  18. Vaginal pain
  19. Spotty vaginal bleeding
  20. Infertility
  21. Painful menstruation
  22. Unexplained weight gain
  23. Loss of appetite
  24. Absence of menstrual bleeding – emenorrhea
  25. Heavy bleeding (menorrhagia)
  26. Hallucinations (this one is extra rare. It happened in this case.)
  27. Change in hair growth – on the face, body – caused by increased production of masculinizing hormone (hirsutism).

 


That is a long list.

How about we break the symptoms into groups.

5 groups makes sense. How about:

1. Discomfort as an ovarian cyst symptom

Ovarian cyst symptoms that manifest as discomfort usually occur because of two main reasons:

a) Large ovarian cysts that press against adjacent organs like the bladder

b) Hormonal changes that may result from the presence of cysts in the ovaries – ovaries are one of the most important hormonal production centers in the body especially when it comes to pregnancy related hormones. It is no wonder that some of the symptoms of ovarian cysts usually mimic pregnancy symptoms. There are even cases of ovarian-cyst-induced symptoms making women think that they are pregnant.

  1. Nausea
  2. Vomiting
  3. A feeling of fullness in the abdominal area
  4. Breast tenderness

2. Pain as a symptom of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts usually cause pain when they become too large – something that causes them to squeeze tissues and organs out of their original space – or when complications of ovarian cysts develop.

MedicineNet lists four possible instances when ovarian cysts cause pain:

  1. rapid growth and stretching
  2. rupture of the cyst
  3. twisting of the cyst around its blood supply (known as torsion), or
  4. bleeding into the cyst

As for ovarian cyst pain symptoms, here they are:

  1. Pelvic pain
  2. Painful periods
  3. Vaginal pain
  4. Pain during intercourse/sex
  5. Back pain – lower back
  6. Pain after sex – in the abdominal area
  7. Pain during bowel movements

3. Changes caused by ovarian cysts

Most of these changes are caused because of the hormonal imbalance that cysts in ovaries may cause. Some, like the need to urinate more often, result when a large cyst presses against an organ. While others, like infertility, more often than not, result either in the course of ovarian cyst treatment or when complications of ovarian cysts, like ovarian torsion, occur.

  1. An increase in the need to urinate
  2. Excessive bleeding during menstruation
  3. Irregular periods
  4. Unexplained weight gain
  5. Increase in the rate of hair growth
  6. Absence of menstrual bleeding
  7. Light vaginal spotting
  8. Difficulty getting pregnant
  9. Infertility
  10. Swollen tummy – distended stomach

4. You-Need-To-See-A-Doctor-Immediately ovarian cyst symptoms

These are serious symptoms that tend to occur when ovarian cyst complications develop. They can occur with one or more of the above symptoms and when they do, you should definitely seek immediate medical attention. Failure to do so could have devastating consequences. Even death.

  1. Severe or sharp pelvic pain
  2. Fever
  3. Dizziness
  4. Rapid breathing

5. Super-rare symptoms of ovarian cysts

Hallucinations

A woman experienced hallucinations when the cysts in her ovaries developed brain cells. This then triggered an immune system reaction that led to her immune system attacking her brain. You can read the story here.

Difficulty breathing

In a case reported in LiveScience, a 57 year old woman had a cyst that was so large that it had pushed against her diaphragm. This messed with her breathing. Here’s the story.

 

monster ovarian cyst teratoma

Dermoid Ovarian Cysts – The Reason Why Hairs, Teeth And Bones Might Form In Your Ovaries

The appearance of dermoid ovarian cysts is so strange that when they were first discovered, people started referring to them as little monsters. This is the reason why they are also called ovarian teratomas.

Where the mature cystic teratoma name came from

Teratoma is a name that is derived from the greek word teras. And teras is a word that means monster.

While it might sound as sort of an overreach to refer to mere cystic growths in the ovaries as monsters, it is actually not. Consider this: they sort of appear where they are not supposed to and they can sometimes not only have hair, mature skin tissues, bones and even eyes, but can also grow into large cysts. In most cases, they look like half-formed babies.

And it’s not like they appear a result of conception gone wrong – this might have made sense. No. These cysts can grow in the ovaries of any woman who is of a childbearing age. In fact, they are the most common type of cysts that develop in women below the age of 20.

Why the weird dermoid ovarian cyst characteristics?

It all has to do with how the ovarian cysts form.

According to MedicineNet, these types of ovarian cysts form from germ cells that have the ability to develop into almost any tissues.

For some reason, the germ cell is sometimes trapped within the ovary. And with time, the cell gives rise to multiple cells that eventually end up forming one or more fully-formed tissues. The cells can develop into recognizable hair tissues, they can form blood, fat tissues, mature skin, bones and so on.

There is even a documented case where the germ cell ended up giving rise to brain cells – this led to serious complications especially when the woman’s immune system decided to take action against the cystic teratoma that had formed in her ovaries.

Less severe symptoms of ovarian cysts

Despite the “monster” name and despite their appearance, dermoid cysts are usually more forgiving when it comes to displaying symptoms of ovarian cysts. Most women with the cysts rarely even know that they have them. And in most cases, they are usually discovered by accident.

This has something to do with the fact that they are usually small in size. It also helps that they have a slow growth rate. All this usually helps to ensure that their presence in the female reproductive system causes minimal disruption.

Increased risks of ovarian torsion

monster ovarian cysts

However, despite the likelihood of dermoid ovarian cysts and your reproductive system having peaceful coexistence, these cysts can sometimes turn unfriendly. This is because, as noted by both MedicineNet and Radiopaedia, these cysts have a high tendency of causing ovarian torsion, which is a serious medical condition that calls for immediate medical attention.

Ovarian torsion and the increased risks of infertility

Ovarian torsion is a complication of the female reproductive system. Simply put, it refers to the twisting of the ovaries.

This twisting usually blocks the flow of blood to the tissues of the ovary. Blocked or restricted blood flow means that ovarian tissues don’t get oxygen and nutrients. Therefore, without immediate medical attention, it is a condition that can lead to the death of a woman’s ovaries.

Dermoid ovarian cysts increase the likelihood of this condition occurring. The fact that about 15% of all dermoid ovarian cyst cases usually involve the cysts growing in both ovaries only makes these cysts bad news for women who have hopes of getting pregnant.

Maybe they deserve the monster cyst tag after all

These cysts got their name because of the way they look. And while they rarely cause severe ovarian cyst symptoms, the fact that they show a tendency to cause ovarian torsion – which can cause permanent infertility – might as well mean that dermoid ovarian cysts have earned the cystic teratoma name.

 

ovarian cyst symptoms, cure, remedies, natural treatments

 

 

 

Visit Us On PinterestVisit Us On YoutubeVisit Us On Twitter