Ruptured ovarian cysts - can they cause abnormal vaginal bleeding?

Do Ruptured Ovarian Cysts Cause Vaginal Discharge / Bleeding? Cyst Burst Answers

While ovarian cyst ruptures are not common, they do happen. And when they do, they usually come with a host of severe ovarian cyst symptoms.

Question is, is a vaginal discharge one of them? And can an increase in vaginal bleeding be an indication of a ruptured ovarian cyst? And what about bleeding between periods?

Question: Can an ovarian cyst burst cause you to have a vaginal discharge?

Answer: Yes, it can.

Why do ruptured ovarian cysts cause vaginal discharge?

Short answer: because ovarian cysts contain fluids.

An ovarian cyst is defined as a fluid-filled sac that occurs on or in a woman’s ovaries.

Therefore, when the sac bursts / ruptures, it is natural to expect it to release any fluids that it is holding. And since the vagina is the “path of least resistance”, this fluid escapes the female reproductive system through it and out of a woman’s body.

Can an ovarian cyst rupture cause bleeding between periods or spotting?

It depends.

Why? Because it depends on the contents of the ovarian cysts. For example if you have a chocolate cyst, the discharge will be dark brown –chocolate-like — and will seem like bleeding or spotting that happens in-between your periods. If this type of cyst bursts, the discharge will be dark brown in color.

Some ovarian cysts also contain blood. When these types of cysts burst, they will release this blood. This will cause vaginal bleeding.

There are also times when the nature of an ovarian cyst rupture causes internal bleeding. The blood that results from this bleeding then finds its way out of the female reproductive system via the vagina. This can therefore be a source of the bleeding between periods that a person experiences after a cyst bursts.

Why does the rupture-related vaginal bleeding occur between periods?

Because ovarian cyst ruptures don’t always sync with a woman’s menstrual cycle.

They happen for a number of reasons. It can be because of the strenuous nature of the sex that you are engaged in. It can be because of extreme exercise. It can also be simply because of a messed up hormonal system. Most of these things have nothing to do with the timing of your periods.

As a result, a rupture-caused vaginal bleeding will likely take place earlier or later than your normal bleeding.

Do ruptured ovarian cysts cause abnormal excessive or prolonged bleeding during menstrual periods?

They can.

When an ovarian cyst rupture occurs during your periods, the cyst will still release its fluid. This fluid will mix with your periods to form an excessive vaginal discharge.

Also, ruptured ovarian cysts can cause bleeding in or around the ovary. If this happens, this blood mixing with your periods will cause abnormally prolonged or excessive bleeding.

There is also the fact that ovaries play an important role in determining hormonal balance in the body. Since ovarian cysts develop in or around the ovaries, they are bound to affect the functioning of the ovaries. The cysts rupturing is no exception.

An ovarian cyst rupture that affects the ovaries can mess with your hormonal balance.And since hormones play an important role in the menstrual cycle, this can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding.

What is the color of the vaginal discharge caused by an ovarian cyst rupture?

The color of the discharge varies. This is because it depends on the nature of the cyst and what it contained.

To a degree, it also depends on whether bleeding occurs as a result of a cyst burst. Why? Because if there is bleeding, the blood will mix with the contents of the cyst. The resultant discharge will have a different color — when compared to a case where there is no bleeding.

It is also important to note that the amount of the vaginal discharge will also vary depending on the size and nature of the cyst. Generally, large ovarian cysts will tend to cause a heavier discharge when they rupture.

The amount of vaginal discharge will also depend on whether the ovarian cyst rupture leads to complications. If a complication such as internal bleeding results from a cyst burst, you are likely to experience a heavier-than-normal vaginal discharge.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and additional symptoms

While there are rare cases where an ovarian cyst rupture goes unnoticed, most ruptures are usually accompanied by one or more ovarian cyst symptoms. One of the most common ones is a sharp abdominal or pelvic pain. This makes it easy to tell if ruptured ovarian cysts are to blame for your abnormal vaginal discharge.

ovarian cyst rupture treatment

10 Symptoms Of Ovarian Cyst Rupture Every Woman Needs To Know

A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.

There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.

1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom

However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain.  This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.

The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.

2. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.

3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.

Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?

Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.

But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so  mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.

As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.

The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms

Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:

4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause

5. Syncope

6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.

7. Shoulder tenderness

8. Septic shock

9. Hemorrhagic shock

10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape

Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.

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