ovarian cyst rupture ruptured and bursted

What Is An Ovarian Cyst Rupture? – An Introduction To What You Should Know

Ovarian Cyst Rupture Answers:

What does it mean when a doctor tells you that you have ruptured ovarian cysts? When are your cysts said to have bursted? And what exactly causes a cyst burst? Here are answers to these questions.

According to Mayo Clinic, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that grows in or on the ovaries.

So there is a sac, and then there is a fluid. A rupture is said to happen when the sac, which is practically the ovarian cyst’s container, bursts or tears. And when this happens, the cyst will release its contents. This is one of the main reasons why an ovarian cyst rupture is usually accompanied by a vaginal discharge.

An easy way of thinking about the ovarian cyst rupture process

Again, a sac and a fluid. Think of it like a balloon with water. And in this case, the balloon represents the sac. And water the fluid that is common in almost all ovarian cysts. The balloon is said to rupture when its walls can no longer hold the contents, causing it to release the water. Same thing with an ovarian cyst rupture.

The balloon example makes it easy to understand the causes of ovarian cyst rupture

Things that can cause a water-filled balloon to burst are almost the same as those that usually cause ovarian cyst rupture in women.

Physical trauma and ovarian cyst rupture

If you press on a balloon really hard, it will burst, causing it to release the water. Same thing happens with ovarian cysts, when physical pressure is applied on them, they tend to rupture. This is why strenuous physical activities such as sex and exercise are a leading cause of ruptured ovarian cysts.

Hormonal imbalance as a cause of ruptured ovarian cysts

On the other hand, if the balloon itself is made up of weak material, it can easily burst on its own. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If the sac that is holding the fluid is weak, chances of a cyst burst occurring are really high.

Also, if you increase the amount of water in the balloon, the balloon will grow in size. Chances of it bursting will also be high. Same thing with an ovarian cyst. If it increases in size, the amount of pressure from this growth may be too much for the sac to handle. This can then lead to a cyst rupture.

In the female reproductive system, hormones control things like the strength of the sac and the rate at which the cyst grows. This makes hormonal balance a key factor in determining the risks of an ovarian cyst rupture and the symptoms associated with it.

ovarian cyst rupture treatment

10 Symptoms Of Ovarian Cyst Rupture Every Woman Needs To Know

A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.

There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.

1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom

However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain.  This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.

The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.

2. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.

3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.

Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?

Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.

But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so  mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.

As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.

The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms

Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:

4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause

5. Syncope

6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.

7. Shoulder tenderness

8. Septic shock

9. Hemorrhagic shock

10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape

Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.

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