Ruptured ovarian cysts - can they cause abnormal vaginal bleeding?

Do Ruptured Ovarian Cysts Cause Vaginal Discharge / Bleeding? Cyst Burst Answers

While ovarian cyst ruptures are not common, they do happen. And when they do, they usually come with a host of severe ovarian cyst symptoms.

Question is, is a vaginal discharge one of them? And can an increase in vaginal bleeding be an indication of a ruptured ovarian cyst? And what about bleeding between periods?

Question: Can an ovarian cyst burst cause you to have a vaginal discharge?

Answer: Yes, it can.

Why do ruptured ovarian cysts cause vaginal discharge?

Short answer: because ovarian cysts contain fluids.

An ovarian cyst is defined as a fluid-filled sac that occurs on or in a woman’s ovaries.

Therefore, when the sac bursts / ruptures, it is natural to expect it to release any fluids that it is holding. And since the vagina is the “path of least resistance”, this fluid escapes the female reproductive system through it and out of a woman’s body.

Can an ovarian cyst rupture cause bleeding between periods or spotting?

It depends.

Why? Because it depends on the contents of the ovarian cysts. For example if you have a chocolate cyst, the discharge will be dark brown –chocolate-like — and will seem like bleeding or spotting that happens in-between your periods. If this type of cyst bursts, the discharge will be dark brown in color.

Some ovarian cysts also contain blood. When these types of cysts burst, they will release this blood. This will cause vaginal bleeding.

There are also times when the nature of an ovarian cyst rupture causes internal bleeding. The blood that results from this bleeding then finds its way out of the female reproductive system via the vagina. This can therefore be a source of the bleeding between periods that a person experiences after a cyst bursts.

Why does the rupture-related vaginal bleeding occur between periods?

Because ovarian cyst ruptures don’t always sync with a woman’s menstrual cycle.

They happen for a number of reasons. It can be because of the strenuous nature of the sex that you are engaged in. It can be because of extreme exercise. It can also be simply because of a messed up hormonal system. Most of these things have nothing to do with the timing of your periods.

As a result, a rupture-caused vaginal bleeding will likely take place earlier or later than your normal bleeding.

Do ruptured ovarian cysts cause abnormal excessive or prolonged bleeding during menstrual periods?

They can.

When an ovarian cyst rupture occurs during your periods, the cyst will still release its fluid. This fluid will mix with your periods to form an excessive vaginal discharge.

Also, ruptured ovarian cysts can cause bleeding in or around the ovary. If this happens, this blood mixing with your periods will cause abnormally prolonged or excessive bleeding.

There is also the fact that ovaries play an important role in determining hormonal balance in the body. Since ovarian cysts develop in or around the ovaries, they are bound to affect the functioning of the ovaries. The cysts rupturing is no exception.

An ovarian cyst rupture that affects the ovaries can mess with your hormonal balance.And since hormones play an important role in the menstrual cycle, this can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding.

What is the color of the vaginal discharge caused by an ovarian cyst rupture?

The color of the discharge varies. This is because it depends on the nature of the cyst and what it contained.

To a degree, it also depends on whether bleeding occurs as a result of a cyst burst. Why? Because if there is bleeding, the blood will mix with the contents of the cyst. The resultant discharge will have a different color — when compared to a case where there is no bleeding.

It is also important to note that the amount of the vaginal discharge will also vary depending on the size and nature of the cyst. Generally, large ovarian cysts will tend to cause a heavier discharge when they rupture.

The amount of vaginal discharge will also depend on whether the ovarian cyst rupture leads to complications. If a complication such as internal bleeding results from a cyst burst, you are likely to experience a heavier-than-normal vaginal discharge.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and additional symptoms

While there are rare cases where an ovarian cyst rupture goes unnoticed, most ruptures are usually accompanied by one or more ovarian cyst symptoms. One of the most common ones is a sharp abdominal or pelvic pain. This makes it easy to tell if ruptured ovarian cysts are to blame for your abnormal vaginal discharge.

ruptured ovarian cyst treatments burst remedies

Ruptured Ovarian Cysts Treatment / Management – What You Should Know

An ovarian cyst rupture can be uneventful. It can also be a painful event that is coupled with complications such as internal infections, excessive bleeding and even infertility. The following are the different ways through which you can manage this potentially fatal ovarian cyst complication.

The wait-and-see method of managing ruptured ovarian cysts

Given the potential of things going really bad when it comes to no an ovarian cyst rupture, it is sometimes surprising to come to the realization that sometimes, all that you need is to be put under observation. This is the wait-and-see method of “treating” ovarian cysts. It involves a doctor keeping you under observation, tracking your well-being just to make sure that no complications develop. And if nothing happens, you simply go back home with no medication needed.

The pain medication method of treating ovarian cyst rupture

Pelvic and abdominal pain are common symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture. These pains can get super-severe. When they do, they can disrupt your normal daily routines and simply render you dysfunctional.

When the pain caused by ovarian cyst rupture causes extreme pain, a doctor will prescribe pain medication to help alleviate these symptoms of cyst bursts. They make dealing with it easier and sort of make it possible for you to go about your daily routine.

The doctor may have to administer the pain medication intravenously if the pain is too extreme.This is a way more effective and faster method of delivering the pain-relieving properties of the medication to your body. It is preferred in super-extreme cases.

If no other ovarian cyst complications develop, administration of pain medication is all the treatment that you will need to manage your ovarian cyst rupture condition.

The surgical method of treating ruptured ovarian cysts

There are times when complications develop after a cyst burst. Excessive bleeding is a common complication. It usually results in cases where one has a pre-existing condition that keeps the initial bleeding from stopping. According to Hopkins Medicine, a blood transfusion will form part of your treatment if the bleeding that results from the cyst burst is excessive.

Infections can also result from ruptured ovarian cysts. This is a common complication that occurs because of the fluid that the cysts release after they rupture. When the cysts’ contents are released into your reproductive system, they can encourage infections, that may then complicate your ovarian cyst rupture condition.

To help stay the devastating effects that these and other complications can have on your body, your doctor may have to perform surgery as part of your ruptured ovarian cyst treatment.

ovarian cyst rupture burst ovaries

What Types Of Ovarian Cysts Rupture? – Here Is What You Should Know

An ovarian cyst rupture is a condition in which a cyst’s sac tears, releasing its contents. This condition is painful, with a sharp abdominal pain being the most common symptom. It is also characterized by a vaginal discharge. This discharge usually occurs as the contents of the cyst escape from the pelvic cavity.

While most ovarian cyst rupture incidences are usually uneventful, save for the pain and the discharge, there are times when complications can lead to severe symptoms. The discharge that results from the cyst burst can cause internal infections to develop. A rupture can cause bleeding that can get out of hand. Shock and circulatory collapse can also occur.

Given the seriousness of the symptoms that come with ruptured ovarian cysts, it is advisable that you know as much as you can about this condition. Why? So that you can be prepared in case you end up with a cyst burst. Knowing what types of cysts are more likely to rupture is a step in the right direction.

Large ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts develop in the ovaries. This is a crowded space. And as the cyst grows, it will need more and more space. The lack of enough room for the cyst to grow will therefore increase pressure on the cyst. With time, this pressure may increase to a point where it causes the ovarian cyst’s sac to burst, releasing its contents.

However, it is important to note that while larger cysts are more likely to burst than smaller cyst, this is not always the case. Why? Because there are other factors that influence a cyst’s susceptibility to leading to ovarian cyst rupture.

Ovarian cysts with weak sacs

One such factor is hormonal imbalance. Why? Because hormones play a large role in determining the structure and overall well-being of the female reproductive structure. Hormonal fluctuations are responsible not only for the formation of ovarian cysts, but also for the nature of the cysts.

Therefore, if the imbalance within your body creates a cyst with a weak sac, such a cyst will be at a higher risk of rupturing.

Rapidly growing ovarian cysts

An ovarian cyst can also rupture if the rate at which the ovarian cyst fills with fluid is faster. This is because the resultant increase in fluid may be too much for the sac to keep up with, something that may then make the cyst to burst even when it is relatively small.

Factors independent of cyst characteristics

While the rate at which an ovarian cyst grows, the strength of its sac and its size play a role in determining the likelihood of it rupturing, there are external factors that can significantly tip the scale to the side of ruptured ovarian cysts. One of the most common ones is physical trauma. This usually happens in cases where one gets involved in strenuous activity such as sex and intense exercise. In such cases, the force / pressure that results from such activities can literally force the ovarian cyst to rupture.

ovarian cyst rupture tips treatments and cures

What Happens When An Ovarian Cyst Ruptures?

Ovarian cysts rupture because of strenuous activities such as exercise and sex. They also rupture because of hormonal fluctuations. And also when they become too large. Question is: what happens after a cyst bursts? Here is what you should know about what to expect in case you end up with a ruptured ovarian cyst.

You will feel pain

When a cyst ruptures, a sharp abdominal / pelvic pain is the first thing you will notice. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.

However, it is also possible for the pain to be dull instead of sharp. There are also rare incidences where a cyst burst isn’t accompanied by any pain. In short, the pain symptom usually varies from woman to woman.

You will experience abnormal vaginal bleeding

A cyst burst is usually associated with some form of vaginal discharge. This is due to the fact that when a cyst ruptures, it usually releases its contents. This content, usually a fluid, then finds its way out of the female reproductive system through the vaginal opening. This is what manifests as a vaginal discharge. It sometimes also seems like a dark brown chocolate-like bleeding mainly because some cysts contain blood.

The nature of the discharge will vary

Because different cysts contain different materials, the nature of this discharge usually varies from case to case. This includes variations in the color of the discharge. For example, when a chocolate cyst ruptures, it is likely to lead to a dark brown discharge. The color of the discharge will be different from that of other types of ovarian cysts.

The amount of discharge also varies

Since the vaginal discharge that results from an ovarian cyst rupture depends on the contents of the cyst, the amount of discharge will also vary. Why? Because cysts usually occur in different sizes. Large cysts will result in a larger discharge. Smaller cysts will cause little to negligible discharge — that is, generally.

You will be under the threat of ovarian cyst rupture complications

If you notice any symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts, you should immediately pay a visit to a doctor. Why? Because there are times when a simple cyst burst causes complications that turn life-threatening.

For example, the discharge that is released after the cyst bursts can lead to internal infections. These infections can not only spread, but also cause scarring that may then lead to infertility.

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for your blood to clot, any bleeding that results from the rupture can get out of control. The excessive blood loss that results can then put your life in danger.

Ovarian cyst rupture causes, treatments, cures and symptoms

What Are The Causes Of Ruptured Ovarian Cysts?

So, what causes an ovarian cyst to rupture? Physical trauma for one. There is hormonal fluctuations. There is also the abnormal increase in size of the cyst. And sometimes, a cyst ruptures just because. Here is what you should know about ruptured ovarian cysts and why you can have them.

Ovarian cyst overview

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that is usually found in the ovaries. Why do they form in the ovaries? Because something, that doctors aren’t really sure of, goes wrong during the ovulation process. This is how you end up with functional cysts.

There are also other cysts that develop independent of the ovulation process. A dermoid ovarian cyst is a good example of such cysts. These cysts are usually known as nonfunctional cysts — their formation has no relation to the functioning of your reproductive system. And no, no one knows exactly why they develop.

To clearly understand what really causes a cyst to rupture, think of an ovarian cyst as a balloon that is filled with water. Generally, the things that can make the balloon burst are almost the same as those that can cause your ovarian cysts to rupture.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and physical trauma

Physical trauma simply entails any activity that will apply undue force or pressure on your ovarian cysts. Sex is a good example of a strenuous activity. Intense exercise is too. Any of these activities will cause the abdominal and pelvic muscles to apply a lot of pressure on the ovarian cyst, causing it to burst.

Going to the balloon example, if you squeeze the balloon really hard, it will burst. Same here.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and the effect of hormones

Hormones play a big role in how your reproductive system works. Hormonal imbalance is even listed as one of the main causes of not only the formation of ovarian cysts, but also the occurrence of ruptured ovarian cysts.

One way through which hormones can cause a cyst to burst is by having an effect on the toughness of the ovarian cyst’s wall. By making the sac, which is basically what holds the cyst’s contents, weak,, it can cause it to burst.

Going to the balloon example, if it happened that the balloon itself had defects that made it’s walls weak, the simple act of filling it with water can be enough to cause it to rupture. Also, hormones can cause the cyst to grow at an abnormal rate. The rate at which fluid accumulates in the sac may then overwhelm the sac, causing it to rupture.

Ruptured ovarian cysts and size

As an ovarian cyst grows, it occupies more and more space. The problem is that the space around your ovaries is limited. As a result, this increase in size will create a lot of pressure around the area. It is this pressure increase that then causes the ovarian cyst to rupture.

An increase in the size of an ovarian cyst can also cause cyst’s sac to overextend. With time, this may also lead to an ovarian cyst rupture.

ruptured ovarian cysts and sex

Can Sex Cause An Ovarian Cyst Rupture?

Being told that you have a cyst in your ovaries can be scary. The only thing that can top it is being told that you have ruptured ovarian cysts.

The symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture vary from mild pain to sharp unbearable pelvic and abdominal pains. The effects of an ovarian cyst burst also vary from those that don’t require the intervention of a doctor to those that require immediate surgical intervention.

The only good news is that while the presence of ovarian cysts in your reproductive system — and their subsequent rupturing — can be dangerous, it is rarely so. In fact, in most cases, all that one needs is to be put under observation by a doctor.

Sex and ruptured ovarian cysts

Knowing what causes an ovarian cyst rupture is sometimes key to preventing it from happening. And the question as to whether sex can cause this ovarian cyst complication is one that has bothered most. In this post, that is what is going to be discussed.Painful sex causes

Can sexual intercourse cause an ovarian cyst to burst?

Answer: Yes. Sexual intercourse can cause an ovarian cyst to rupture.

According to Saint Luke’s Health, sexual activity is one of the most common causes of ovarian cyst rupture. They list it in the same category as strenuous activities such as exercise. This is because both sex and exercise usually apply pressure to the abdominal and pelvic region. And just like exerting pressure on a balloon can cause it to burst, exerting pressure or putting strain on the muscles surrounding the ovarian cyst will cause it to rupture — this is exactly what sexual intercourse does.

Minimizing the risk of ovarian cyst rupture during sex

However, it is important to note that strenuous activities such as sexual intercourse are not the only causes of ovarian cyst rupture. Factors such as the type of the cyst, hormonal imbalance and the cyst becoming too large for the sac, can also cause the cyst to rupture.

What this means is that while keeping away from sex can minimize the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst, it is no way a foolproof method of avoiding a cyst burst.

Also, given the fact that it is the strenuousness of sex that triggers the rupture, it is possible to minimize the risks of this complication by taking advantage of sexual positions that do not exert a lot of pressure on both your abdomen and pelvic regions.

Importance of seeing a doctor after an ovarian cyst rupture

If your cyst ruptures during sexual intercourse or during any other strenuous activity, you are likely to feel a sharp pain in either the pelvic or the abdominal region. Abnormal vaginal bleeding and other symptoms of a cyst burst may also follow.

In such cases, seeking the immediate attention of a doctor is a must. This is because while it is possible that all you may need is to be put under observation, there is always the real danger of the ovarian cyst rupture leading to uncontrolled bleeding, reproductive system infections and shock — that is according to Medscape.

However, if the symptoms are not extreme, less drastic measures will work. Any of these ovarian cyst rupture treatment options will work.

ovarian cyst rupture treatment

10 Symptoms Of Ovarian Cyst Rupture Every Woman Needs To Know

A cyst burst. It scares most women. But the thing is, it is more common than most women assume. And the fact is that while there are times when ruptured ovarian cysts have led to symptoms as serious as circulatory collapse, most women survive cyst ruptures. And in fact, in most cases, there is usually no need of serious medical intervention.

There are cases where ovarian cyst ruptures show none of the symptoms of ovarian cysts — except for the obligatory vaginal discharge that happens when the contents of the cyst are released into the female reproductive system.

1. Extreme abdominal pain, the most common ovarian cyst rupture symptom

However, most cyst burst cases usually come with abdominal pain. This pain is usually sharp and sudden. And in some women, it usually disappears after the first wave. In others, the pain is intermittent, and in others, it tends to be continuous pain.  This pain caused by cysts can sometimes be felt in the lower back region, and in some cases, can also radiate to the thigh region.

The pain caused by ovarian cysts is sometimes so extreme that doctors, in addition to the common let’s-see-what-happens approach to ovarian cyst rupture management, need to prescribe pain medication, just to make life a little bit more bearable.

2. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common ovarian cyst symptoms. But not all women experience them as symptoms. And so a sudden bout of nausea accompanied by episodes of vomiting can be a good indication of an ovarian cyst rupture. This is so especially if these symptoms are accompanied by extreme abdominal pain.

3. Vaginal bleeding / abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding is another common sign that a woman has a ruptured cyst.

Why do cyst bursts cause a vaginal discharge?

Well, it’s because of the fact that when an ovarian cyst ruptures, it releases its contents. These contents have to find a way out. And as it happens, there is usually only one way out of the female reproductive system: the vagina.

But not all ruptured ovarian cyst discharges are created equal. They usually vary in the amount of vaginal bleeding they cause and how they appear. This is so  mainly because different types of cysts usually contain different types of materials. Some contain chocolate-like blood, others mainly contain sebaceous material and so on. So when they rupture, the discharge is bound to be different in terms of appearance.

As for the amount of vaginal discharge that the cyst causes, that will depend on the size of the cyst. Whether or not the cyst causes excessive internal bleeding, when it tears, is something that can also determine the amount of vaginal discharge that will take place after an ovarian cyst bursts.

The rest of ruptured ovarian cyst symptoms

Nathan Webb M.D. , in an article written for Medscape, lists a number of ovarian cyst rupture symptoms. Most of these are ovarian cyst rupture symptoms that set in when complications develop. They include:

4. Circulatory collapse – from the excessive bleeding that a cyst burst can cause

5. Syncope

6. Weakness – which usually accompanies extreme abdominal pain. This symptom can also be caused by the excessive bleeding that a ruptured ovarian cyst triggers.

7. Shoulder tenderness

8. Septic shock

9. Hemorrhagic shock

10. And in very rare cases, death – that is according to Medscape

Given the seriousness of the these cyst burst symptoms, making sure that you get immediate help is advisable ( see reasons for ovarian cyst rupture treatment). You can take advantage of natural remedies. Over-the-counter medication can come in handy in helping you to relieve pain. And as for extreme cases, surgery will be necessary.

ruptured ovarian cysts

Ovarian Cyst Rupture During Pregnancy – 5 Things You Should Know

Can a woman have ovarian cysts during pregnancy? Can they rupture when she is pregnant? And what are the risks of having a ruptured cyst when expecting a baby? These are questions that most women ask. And they are questions that we are going to deal with in this article.

Can a woman have cysts in her ovaries when pregnant?

The first step in understanding what is possible and what is not, so far as ovarian cysts and pregnancy is concerned, lies in understanding that there are two types of cysts: functional ovarian cysts and ovarian tumors.

Functional ovarian cysts are those that develop when something goes wrong during ovulation. Their development and growth is tied to the ovulation process and so without ovulation, new cysts cannot form. This is one of the main reasons why birth control pills sometimes work as a treatment of ovarian cysts.

During pregnancy, the menstrual cycle stops. The release of hormones associated with the menstrual cycle, and the accompanying bleeding, usually comes at a standstill. And since the formation of functional cysts usually depends on the menstrual cycle, these cysts don’t usually form when a woman is pregnant.

However, this does not mean that a pregnant woman cannot have functional cysts. This is because it is possible for ovarian cysts to form before a woman gets pregnant. And since pregnancy is no ovarian cyst miracle cure, the cyst will still be in existence during and possibly after the pregnancy.

As for nonfunctional cysts, ovarian tumors, they develop independent of the menstrual cycle. They can therefore form before a pregnancy, during a pregnancy and after.

Can ovarian cysts rupture during pregnancy?

Given that a pregnant woman can have cysts in her ovaries, there is nothing to prevent the cysts from rupturing. In fact, it is possible that the presence of a baby can increase the chances of a cyst burst simply because of the additional space that the developing fetus takes and the resulting pressure on adjacent organs and even the cyst. So, yes, ovarian cysts can rupture during pregnancy.

Can ovarian cysts shrink and disappear during pregnancy?

Yes, they can.

This is why most doctors take the wait-and-see approach when it comes to treating cysts discovered during pregnancy. It is only when the cyst continues to grow in size, and when it starts to cause severe symptoms, and possibly affect the baby, that doctors opt for drastic solutions such as surgery. But surgery is rarely necessary. You need not panic since most cysts usually shrink and disappear on their own.

The relationship between an ovarian cyst rupture and an ectopic pregnancy

A cyst burst is usually accompanied by extreme abdominal pains. So is an ectopic pregnancy. It is also usually followed by a vaginal discharge. An ectopic pregnancy too. It is for these reasons that it is easy to confuse the two. This is a confusion that a simple ultra sound is capable of clearing.

Treatment of ruptured ovarian cysts when pregnant

While symptoms of a ruptured cyst are a clear indication of the need for immediate medical attention, the rupturing of a cyst on ovary isn’t always an indication of doom. In most cases, all that a doctor has to do is to monitor your progress and to look out for any complications of an ovarian cyst rupture, like infections. It is only when there are risks of complications that doctors usually resort to surgical removal of the cysts.

ovarian cyst rupture causes

Why Do Ovarian Cysts Rupture?

A cyst burst usually comes with a host of nasty symptoms. There is the excruciating pain, the vaginal discharge, the looming possibility of an infection and the risk of the bleeding getting out of control. There are even cases where an innocent ovarian cyst rupture has led to death.

Question is: why do ovarian cysts rupture? What causes a cyst burst? What triggers it? And does understanding it hold the key of reducing the chances of ending up with a ruptured ovarian cyst?

The key to understanding an ovarian cyst rupture lies in knowing what they really are. By definition, an ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that develops in or on the ovaries.

Fluid filled sac is what you should keep in mind. Think of it as a balloon filled with water. Why would such a balloon burst? If you can come up with any educated guesses as to why that might happen, you most likely have answered the question: why do ovarian cysts rupture.

Too much fluid in the cyst

What holds the contents of a cyst together is a thin membrane. An ovarian cyst usually grows when more and more fluid fills this membrane. Unfortunately, this does not always result in the membrane growing. And so, the more the cyst fills up with fluid, the more the pressure that the membrane is under. Eventually the resulting pressure just becomes too much to handle and the membrane tears up, releasing the fluid. And hence a full-blown ovarian cyst rupture.

Physical trauma and ruptured cysts

Most ruptured ovarian cyst cases usually begin when a woman is either having sexual intercourse, exercising or engaging in any strenuous sexual activity. This is because of the effect that these activities usually have on the cyst.

Strenuous activity, like sexual intercourse, usually applies pressure on the abdominal region. It usually causes the muscles to press against the cyst. And just like a balloon filled with water, when the pressure is too much, it bursts.

However, this effect isn’t limited to activities that a woman participates in. Any type of physical trauma, such as falling or getting hit in the abdominal region, can trigger a cyst burst.

Cysts that rupture for no reason at all

There are types when an ovarian cyst ruptures in spite of there being no physical trauma and no accumulation of fluid (growth of the cyst). It just happens. It may be because of a hormonal imbalance, genetics or who knows what. There are times when cysts, even ones which are not large cysts, just rupture for seemingly no logical reason.

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