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What Types Of Ovarian Cysts Rupture? – Here Is What You Should Know

An ovarian cyst rupture is a condition in which a cyst’s sac tears, releasing its contents. This condition is painful, with a sharp abdominal pain being the most common symptom. It is also characterized by a vaginal discharge. This discharge usually occurs as the contents of the cyst escape from the pelvic cavity.

While most ovarian cyst rupture incidences are usually uneventful, save for the pain and the discharge, there are times when complications can lead to severe symptoms. The discharge that results from the cyst burst can cause internal infections to develop. A rupture can cause bleeding that can get out of hand. Shock and circulatory collapse can also occur.

Given the seriousness of the symptoms that come with ruptured ovarian cysts, it is advisable that you know as much as you can about this condition. Why? So that you can be prepared in case you end up with a cyst burst. Knowing what types of cysts are more likely to rupture is a step in the right direction.

Large ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts develop in the ovaries. This is a crowded space. And as the cyst grows, it will need more and more space. The lack of enough room for the cyst to grow will therefore increase pressure on the cyst. With time, this pressure may increase to a point where it causes the ovarian cyst’s sac to burst, releasing its contents.

However, it is important to note that while larger cysts are more likely to burst than smaller cyst, this is not always the case. Why? Because there are other factors that influence a cyst’s susceptibility to leading to ovarian cyst rupture.

Ovarian cysts with weak sacs

One such factor is hormonal imbalance. Why? Because hormones play a large role in determining the structure and overall well-being of the female reproductive structure. Hormonal fluctuations are responsible not only for the formation of ovarian cysts, but also for the nature of the cysts.

Therefore, if the imbalance within your body creates a cyst with a weak sac, such a cyst will be at a higher risk of rupturing.

Rapidly growing ovarian cysts

An ovarian cyst can also rupture if the rate at which the ovarian cyst fills with fluid is faster. This is because the resultant increase in fluid may be too much for the sac to keep up with, something that may then make the cyst to burst even when it is relatively small.

Factors independent of cyst characteristics

While the rate at which an ovarian cyst grows, the strength of its sac and its size play a role in determining the likelihood of it rupturing, there are external factors that can significantly tip the scale to the side of ruptured ovarian cysts. One of the most common ones is physical trauma. This usually happens in cases where one gets involved in strenuous activity such as sex and intense exercise. In such cases, the force / pressure that results from such activities can literally force the ovarian cyst to rupture.

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What Happens When An Ovarian Cyst Ruptures?

Ovarian cysts rupture because of strenuous activities such as exercise and sex. They also rupture because of hormonal fluctuations. And also when they become too large. Question is: what happens after a cyst bursts? Here is what you should know about what to expect in case you end up with a ruptured ovarian cyst.

You will feel pain

When a cyst ruptures, a sharp abdominal / pelvic pain is the first thing you will notice. This pain can be continuous. It can also be intermittent.

However, it is also possible for the pain to be dull instead of sharp. There are also rare incidences where a cyst burst isn’t accompanied by any pain. In short, the pain symptom usually varies from woman to woman.

You will experience abnormal vaginal bleeding

A cyst burst is usually associated with some form of vaginal discharge. This is due to the fact that when a cyst ruptures, it usually releases its contents. This content, usually a fluid, then finds its way out of the female reproductive system through the vaginal opening. This is what manifests as a vaginal discharge. It sometimes also seems like a dark brown chocolate-like bleeding mainly because some cysts contain blood.

The nature of the discharge will vary

Because different cysts contain different materials, the nature of this discharge usually varies from case to case. This includes variations in the color of the discharge. For example, when a chocolate cyst ruptures, it is likely to lead to a dark brown discharge. The color of the discharge will be different from that of other types of ovarian cysts.

The amount of discharge also varies

Since the vaginal discharge that results from an ovarian cyst rupture depends on the contents of the cyst, the amount of discharge will also vary. Why? Because cysts usually occur in different sizes. Large cysts will result in a larger discharge. Smaller cysts will cause little to negligible discharge — that is, generally.

You will be under the threat of ovarian cyst rupture complications

If you notice any symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts, you should immediately pay a visit to a doctor. Why? Because there are times when a simple cyst burst causes complications that turn life-threatening.

For example, the discharge that is released after the cyst bursts can lead to internal infections. These infections can not only spread, but also cause scarring that may then lead to infertility.

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for your blood to clot, any bleeding that results from the rupture can get out of control. The excessive blood loss that results can then put your life in danger.

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