An ovarian cyst rupture is a condition in which a cyst’s sac tears, releasing its contents. This condition is painful, with a sharp abdominal pain being the most common symptom. It is also characterized by a vaginal discharge. This discharge usually occurs as the contents of the cyst escape from the pelvic cavity.
While most ovarian cyst rupture incidences are usually uneventful, save for the pain and the discharge, there are times when complications can lead to severe symptoms. The discharge that results from the cyst burst can cause internal infections to develop. A rupture can cause bleeding that can get out of hand. Shock and circulatory collapse can also occur.
Given the seriousness of the symptoms that come with ruptured ovarian cysts, it is advisable that you know as much as you can about this condition. Why? So that you can be prepared in case you end up with a cyst burst. Knowing what types of cysts are more likely to rupture is a step in the right direction.
Large ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts develop in the ovaries. This is a crowded space. And as the cyst grows, it will need more and more space. The lack of enough room for the cyst to grow will therefore increase pressure on the cyst. With time, this pressure may increase to a point where it causes the ovarian cyst’s sac to burst, releasing its contents.
However, it is important to note that while larger cysts are more likely to burst than smaller cyst, this is not always the case. Why? Because there are other factors that influence a cyst’s susceptibility to leading to ovarian cyst rupture.
Ovarian cysts with weak sacs
One such factor is hormonal imbalance. Why? Because hormones play a large role in determining the structure and overall well-being of the female reproductive structure. Hormonal fluctuations are responsible not only for the formation of ovarian cysts, but also for the nature of the cysts.
Therefore, if the imbalance within your body creates a cyst with a weak sac, such a cyst will be at a higher risk of rupturing.
Rapidly growing ovarian cysts
An ovarian cyst can also rupture if the rate at which the ovarian cyst fills with fluid is faster. This is because the resultant increase in fluid may be too much for the sac to keep up with, something that may then make the cyst to burst even when it is relatively small.
Factors independent of cyst characteristics
While the rate at which an ovarian cyst grows, the strength of its sac and its size play a role in determining the likelihood of it rupturing, there are external factors that can significantly tip the scale to the side of ruptured ovarian cysts. One of the most common ones is physical trauma. This usually happens in cases where one gets involved in strenuous activity such as sex and intense exercise. In such cases, the force / pressure that results from such activities can literally force the ovarian cyst to rupture.