Hemorrhoids occur when the veins around the rectal and anal region stretch. They swell or bulge as a result, something that then causes the symptoms associated with hemorrhoids. These symptoms include itching, burning sensation, bleeding during bowel movements and pain.
So, what really causes hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are caused by anything that causes an increase in the lower rectum. This is because the veins usually succumb to this increase in pressure.
According to Mayo Clinic, the following are some of the most common causes of this increase in pressure:
#1. Sitting for long periods of time in the toilet
Sitting puts pressure on the lower rectum region. Sitting for prolonged periods of time subjects this area to continued strain. It subjects it to more strain than it can handle. This then causes the bulging and swelling of veins, hence hemorrhoids.
When you are pregnant, your body has to carry the weight of two people: you and your baby. The baby also takes up space. This means that things in the abdominal region will get more crowded than they usually are. It also means more pressure on both your rectum and your anus. And it is one of the main reasons why pregnancy is a common cause of hemorrhoids.
#3. Straining during bowel movements
Hemorrhoid tissues are involved in the closing and opening of the anus. When you strain during bowel movement, you expose these delicate tissues to an increased amount of strain. They can therefore fail to work as well as they should. As a result, swelling and bulging can occur.
Obesity causes hemorrhoids simply because when you are obese, you carry extra pounds. Extra pounds that your body isn’t designed to handle. This means extra pressure on every organ and tissue in your body. This includes hemorrhoid tissues.
The extra pounds subject your hemorrhoid tissues to more pressure than they are prepared to handle. Swelling and other hemorrhoid symptoms occur as a result of this.
#5. Low fiber diet
Fiber softens stool. It also makes promotes better digestive function. These are the main reasons why foods rich in fiber are a must in any healthy diet.
A low fiber diet causes hemorrhoids because it causes straining during bowel movements. It leads to hard stools which are rougher on the tissues around the anus. They cause overall strain in the anal and rectal regions and this added pressure then causes hemorrhoids.
#6. Anal intercourse
Anal intercourse can be rough on tissues around the anal area. The consistent friction of the in-and-out movement can weaken the tissues and veins in the region. It can also make them stretch. This will then cause these tissues to swell, hence causing hemorrhoids.
#7. Chronic constipation or diarrhea
Both diarrhea and constipation put undue pressure in the digestive system. They are conditions that usually strain the anal and rectal muscles. This makes them one of the most common causes of hemorrhoids.
Although aging does not cause an increase in pressure in the lower rectum region, it weakens the veins and tissues around the anal area. As a result, the tissues and veins cannot function as well as they should under normal pressure. They are therefore more susceptible to crumbling under pressure that they would have ordinarily been able to withstand. This is one of the main reasons why hemorrhoids are common in old age.
Most of the things that cause hemorrhoids are easy to avoid.
Avoid sitting for prolonged periods to prevent hemorrhoids
To avoid sitting for long periods in the toilet, simply avoid taking distractions to the toilet. This means keeping away from your phone or any other thing that may encourage you to spend too much time in the toilet. Also, ensuring that you empty your bowels on a regular basis will help avoid the extended bowel-emptying sessions that usually cause hemorrhoids.
Better diet and drinking water for hemorrhoid prevention
Drinking a lot of water and taking foods that are rich in fiber will shed off some of the pressure that tissues in the anal and rectal regions have to bear. Using a fruit infuser can encourage you to take more water.
As for fiber rich foods, you can take different types of foods and also use different types of recipes to avoid the food monotony that sometimes discourages people from taking a fiber-rich diet. Also, you can take advantage of the numerous fiber supplements that are available in the market.
Exercising to prevent and heal hemorrhoids
A little bit of exercise can go a long way as far as preventing hemorrhoids is concerned. It can increase blood flow and can also help strengthen some of the tissues in the anal and rectal regions. Exercise also promotes good digestion and makes for an easier exit.
Hemorrhoid treatment options
And if these don’t work, you can always turn to organic creams for hemorrhoids. Effective hemorrhoid ointments also exist in the market. They may be just what you need to get relief from nagging hemorrhoids. Sitz baths also have a good track record of speeding up hemorrhoid healing. Therefore, they are a great option as far as getting hemorrhoid relief is concerned.